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On Monday, the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals struck down key portions of what has been called the toughest immigration law in the country, Alabama House Bill 56(HB 56).  or The "Hammon-Beason Alabama Taxpayer and Citizen Protection Act".  HB 56 mandated that public schools check the immigration status of new students, and the 11th Circuit found that provision to be unconstitutional.     In particular, it found that it violated the 14th Amendment's Equal Protection Clause.  From the Montgomery Advertiser article:

The court said the provision "significantly interferes" with the right to a public education, saying it "targets the population of undocumented school children in Alabama."

Sections requiring aliens to carry identification and banning contracts with the unlawfully present were also blocked. On the contracts provision -- originally labeled Section 27 -- the court wrote that the end goal of the section was "forcing undocumented individuals out of Alabama."

To say that section 27 is extraordinary and unprecedented would be an understatement, as it imposes a statutory disability typically reserved for those who are so incapable as to render their contracts void or voidable," the court wrote. "Essentially, the ability to maintain even a minimal existence is no longer an option for unlawfully present aliens in Alabama."

Keep in mind that HB 56 was mainly written by the same architect of the infamous Arizona Senate Bill 1070(S.B 1070), Kansas Secratary of State Kris Kobach.  Kobach is also an "informal adviser" or an adviser to Willard Mitt Romney depending on whom you ask, and Kobach is also the guy who this week helped to strike down a Republican plank to repeal DOMA by comparing LBGT people to polygamists(Willard's dad was born in a polygamist commune) and drug users (Obligatory Rush Limbaugh reference).   Not coincidentally, the Republicans also passed an anti-immigration plank that included completing a 2,000 miles plus border fence, nationalizing "show me your papers" laws like S.B 1070 and H.B 56 and denying federal funds to colleges that allow young undocumented people to pay in-state tuition.  Yes, Kobach was influential in that too.  I am surprised that nobody has posted a diary about the Republican anti-immigrant plank yet.

Getting back to analysis of the 11th Circuit's decision, Think Progress has a little primer for us.  

School officials cannot ask about students’ immigration status: Under HB 56, schools were required to determine the immigration status of every newly enrolled student. As a result, students stayed home from school once the provision went into effect in late September out of confusion over the law and fear that they or their parents could be deported. By February, 13 percent of Latino students dropped out by February as families fled Alabama because of the immigration policy.
You can already see connections between Kobach, Romney's "self deport" rhetoric during the primary, and some of the effects that Alabama's law intended to have.   Institutional harassment of students over status that they are not at fault for is not something that should be put into our laws, and I am glad for the 11th Circuit striking down that portion of the law.   I also abhor the idea of school officials being forced to profile students because of their accents, or even just because they have a certain look.  

The New York Times also saw the conenction to the "self deport" rhetoric.  

When Alabama’s immigration law was passed in the spring of 2011, it was the boldest test yet of the doctrine of self-deportation. If the state put up legal obstacles to nearly every aspect of illegal immigrants’ lives, as a chief sponsor of the law put it at the time, it would “make their lives difficult and they will deport themselves.”
I have no doubt given the Republican plank on this issue, and Romney's own words, and the fact that the Tea Party would not let Romney let this drop if he were President, and Kobach would likely be Romney's "immigration czar" in a Romney administration.   All in all, a lot of reason if you believe in a humane approach to immigration reform Barack Obama is the only choice for President.  

The Times continues

While other states had levied sanctions against employers and empowered the police to check for citizenship status, Alabama’s law staked out new territory, shutting off access for those in the state illegally to virtually every facet of regulated life, from water utilities to rental agreements to dog tags.
Is it just me, or does this seem rather reminiscent of some of the old practices of the South to another minority in the "Jim Crow" days?  

Going back to other parts of the law that had been struck down(and another separate court decision too), Think Progress told us this:

Additionally, the 11th Circuit stopped Alabama and Georgia from making it a crime to transport or harbor an undocumented immigrant in those states. Both states included these provisions in their similar anti-immigrant laws approved by state legislators more than a year ago. Arizona’s SB 1070 also makes its a crime to harbor or transport someone who is not a legal resident, but the Supreme Court did not rule on it. Today, a civil rights coalition is asking a federal judge in Arizona to block this section of SB 1070 especially now that it has been struck down in Alabama and Georgia.
Anything that further blocks SB 1070 is welcome news to me, and I am sure to immigrant advocates throughout the country.  

In somewhat related news in that, HB 56 probably was responsbile for this response.  The Washington Post reports that the Department of Justice(DOJ) has set up its first civil rights unit in Alabama.  

From WaPo:  

“This is about sustainability ... of civil rights enforcement,” Perez said during a news conference held at the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute.

Birmingham is the eighth U.S. city out of 94 with U.S. attorney offices to have a civil rights unit. The nearest similar unit is in Memphis, Tenn.

U.S. Attorney Joyce Vance said the department’s work investigating effects of the immigration law resulted in new relationships in Alabama between government attorneys and the public and the realization that more work was needed on civil rights oversight.

“We rounded out our affiliations with members of the civil rights community,” she said.

I applaud this move by the DOJ. The Republicans have shown themselves this year by their blatant voter suppression moves in Ohio, and their strict photo Voter ID law in Pennsylvania as well as their shady moves in Florida that they are willing to trample on civil rights to stay in power.  Obviously, their hateful rhetoric and language ought not be thoughtlessly used here.   This is one reason why I always refer to people who are "out of status" for whatever reason as "undocumented" and I never refer to people as "illegal".  You can see examples of what the Republicans mean by their "self-deport" rhetoric in Alabama, and I hope that my fellow Kossacks will help in pushing back against the GOP's anti-immigrant rhetoric and their agenda.  
Poll

How important is immigration reform to the Democrats?

58%7 votes
8%1 votes
8%1 votes
16%2 votes
0%0 votes
8%1 votes
0%0 votes

| 12 votes | Vote | Results

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Comment Preferences

  •  good news. (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    pistolSO



    Is it true? Is it kind? Is it necessary? . . . and respect the dignity of every human being.

    by Wee Mama on Wed Aug 22, 2012 at 09:38:53 AM PDT

  •  One reason why I want Democrats to retake (0+ / 0-)

    the House is so that President Obama's executive order using parts of the DREAM Act can become permanent and not temporary.

    I also do hope that a Kossack does plan on diarying on the Republican's spiteful policy like proposing to cut off federal funding for colleges that recognize that undocumented students are residents of the states where they live.

  •  The object is segregation. The purpose of (0+ / 0-)

    separating communities from each other is to make them easier to control.
    Make no mistake, whenever segregation raises its head, in whatever form it takes (ghettos, exclusive residential areas, exclusive clubs, charter schools), the purpose is always the same -- to control the population, the whole population.  It's simply not possible to separate one group without affecting everyone else. If you segregate brown beans from white, you end up with two piles. Included or excluded, everyone is affected.

    The Supreme Court was wrong. "Separate" is not necessarily unequal.  It is quite possible for populations to be separate and equally deprived.  Indeed, that's where American society has been heading, one population at a time, until now we're up to 99%.

    Of course, if you don't demand the right thing, what you get is not going to be right. What we need to demand is respect for human rights. What human rights?  All those derived from our functional characteristics:

    communication
    respiration
    association
    perambulation
    creation
    reproduction
    transformation
    ingestion

    Willard's forte = "catch 'n' cage". He's not into "catch and release."

    by hannah on Wed Aug 22, 2012 at 09:40:48 AM PDT

  •  Regarding your poll (2+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    pistolSO, Odysseus

    I reluctantly voted for your uppermost option. However, it seems to me that there is an intimate connection between laws like HB56 and DOMA and the absence of any federal antidiscrimination protection based upon sexual orientation.

    Playing the immigrant community off against the LGBT community in terms of how we allocate our energy and resources is not helpful.

    •  I agree with you on that point. (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      sfbob, Odysseus

      I mentioned in the diary that the architect of the HB 56(and SB 1070) also was the one who spoke out against marriage equality and made his disgusting comments about LGBT couples being similar to polygamists and drug users.

      And I should point out that we need to support both the LGBT community and the immigrant community and my intent was not to play communities against each other.

      I will be more careful in how I frame poll questions like that in the future though.

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