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On This Day

In 1531, Henry VIII of England was recognized as supreme head of the Church of England.

In 1752, Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in the United States, was opened by Benjamin Franklin.

In 1790, the Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, petitioned Congress for abolition of slavery.

In 1861, House of Representatives unanimously passed a resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state.

In 1916, Emma Goldman was arrested for lecturing on birth control.

In 1929, Italy recognized the independence and sovereignty of Vatican City.

In 1937, sit-down strike ended when General Motors recognized the United Auto Workers Union.

In 1942,  first gold record was presented to Glenn Miller for "Chattanooga Choo Choo".

In 1945, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin concluded their conference at Yalta in the Crimea by signing a series of agreements on the governance of post-World War II Europe.

In 1953, President Dwight Eisenhower refused a clemency appeal for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.

In 1975, Margaret Thatcher became the first woman to head a major party in Britain when she was elected leader of opposition Conservative Party.

In 1990, South African activist Nelson Mandela was freed after 27 years in captivity.

Born on This Day

1466 – Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII of England (d. on her birthday in 1503)

1800 – Henry Fox Talbot, English photographer and inventor (d. 1877)

1802 – Lydia Maria Child, American abolitionist (d. 1880)

1833 – Melville Weston Fuller, American jurist and 8th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1910)

1847 – Thomas Alva Edison, American inventor (d. 1931)

1855 – Ellen Day Hale, American painter and printmaker (d. on her birthday in 1940)

Ida checks the paper for some right wing ravings she can use to line the bird cage.

1872 – Hannah Mitchell, English socialist and suffragette (d. 1956)

1902 – Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect (d. 1971)

1908 -- Josh White, musician who also recorded under the names "Pinewood Tom" and "Tippy Barton" in the 1930s.

1909 – Joseph L. Mankiewicz, American director (d. 1993)

1917 – Sidney Sheldon, American author (d. 2007)

1919 – Eva Gabor, Hungarian-born actress (d. 1995)

Hurry up and take the effing picture! These thorns aren't exactly cuddly, you know.

1920 – Billy Halop, American actor (d. 1976)

1925 – Virginia E. Johnson, of Masters and Johnson renown. American psychologist.

1925 – Kim Stanley, American actress (d. 2001)

1926 – Paul Bocuse, French chef

1926 – Leslie Nielsen, Canadian actor (d. 2010)

1930 – Roy De Forest, American painter (d. 2007)

There comes a point where you know your dog is eating too many raspberries.

1934 – Mel Carnahan, American politician and 51st Governor of Missouri (d. 2000)

1934 – Tina Louise, American actress

Ginger does Maryanne.

1934 – Mary Quant, English fashion designer

1935 – Gene Vincent, American musician (d. 1971)

1936 – Burt Reynolds, American actor

1937 – Phillip Walker, American electric blues guitarist

1938 – Simone de Oliveira, Portuguese actress

1938 – Bobby Pickett, American singer-songwriter (d. 2007)

1939 – Gerry Goffin, American lyricist

1939 – Jane Yolen, American author

1941 – Sergio Mendes, Brazilian musician

1947 – Roy Carrier, American Zydeco musician (d. 2010)

1947 – Derek Shulman, English musician (Gentle Giant)

1953 – Jeb Bush, bush league American politician and 43rd Governor of Florida

1956 – H.R., American singer (Bad Brains)

1960 – Nick Currie, Scottish musician who performs as Momus.

1962 – Tammy Baldwin, American politician

1962 – Sheryl Crow, American musician

1964 – Sarah Palin, American political punch line and half-term 9th Governor of Alaska

1969 – Jennifer Aniston, American actress

1974 – Alex Jones, conspiracy theorizing American radio host

1974 – D'Angelo, American singer

1976 – Peter Hayes, American musician (Black Rebel Motorcycle Club)

1981 – Kelly Rowland, American singer (Destiny's Child)

1982 – Natalie Dormer, English actress (Game of Thrones)

1992 – Taylor Lautner, teen idol American actor (Twilight)

Died on This Day

1650 - Rene Descartes, philosopher of "I think therefore I am" fame, stopped thinking (h/t History Orb) (b. 1596)

1685 – David Teniers III, Flemish painter (b. 1638)

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1841 - Ferdinand Johann Olivier (or von Olivier), German painter (b. 1785)

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1862 - Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist and model for many of the Pre-Raphaelite paintings (b. 1829)

Here she is as Ophelia, a famous watery tart.

1868 – Léon Foucault, French astronomer (b. 1819)

1879 – Honoré Daumier, French caricaturist and painter (b. 1808)

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1948 – Sergei Eisenstein, Soviet film director (b. 1898)

1963 – Sylvia Plath, American writer (b. 1932)

1974 - Anna Q Nilsson, silent film actress (b. 1888)

Anna Q Nilsson

1976 – Lee J Cobb, American actor (b. 1911)

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1982 – Eleanor Powell, American actress and dancer (b. 1912)

Even big stars have superhero fantasies sometimes.

1985 – Henry Hathaway, American actor and director (b. 1898)

1986 – Frank Herbert, American author (b. 1920)

1994 – William Conrad, American actor (b. 1920)

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1994 – Nicole Germain, Canadian actress (b. 1917)

2006 – Jockey Shabalala, South African singer (Ladysmith Black Mambazo)(b. 1943)

2009 – Estelle Bennett, American singer (The Ronettes) (b. 1941)

2012 – Whitney Houston, American singer, actress, model and producer (b. 1963)

Today is

National Inventors' Day
Don’t Cry Over Spilled Milk Day
National Make a Friend Day
White T-Shirt Day
National Peppermint Patty Day
Clean out Your Computer Day

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