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On This Day

In 1860, the Pony Express began service between St. Joseph, MO, and Sacramento, CA.

In 1888, the first attack that was attributed by police to Jack the Ripper occurred when prostitute Emma Smith was attacked. She survived the attack initially, but died of complications caused by her wounds. Most scholars today don't believe she was a victim of Jack the Ripper.

In 1922, Joseph Stalin became the first Secretary General to the Soviet Union's Communist Party.

In 1936, Bruno Hauptmann was executed for the kidnaping and murder of the Lindbergh baby.

In 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "mountaintop" speech to a rally of striking sanitation workers in Memphis, less than 24 hours before his assassination.

In 1996, Unabomber suspect Theodore Kaczynski was captured at his remote Montana cabin.

In 2000, a federal judge ruled that Microsoft had violated antitrust laws.

In 2009, Iowa's Supreme Court legalized gay marriage.

Born on This Day

1366 – Henry IV of England (parts one AND two) (d. 1413)

1783 – Washington Irving, American author (d. 1859)

1796 - Jean-Baptiste Madou, Belgian painter (d. 1877)

 photo Jean-BaptisteMadou.jpg

1807 – Jane Digby, English aristocrat and adventuress (d. 1881)

1815 - Henri Félix Emmanuel Philippoteaux, French painter (d. 1884)

 photo HenriFeacutelixEmmanuelPhilippoteaux.jpg

1816 - Otto Didrik Ottesen, Danish still life painter (d. 1892)

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1823 – William Magear "Boss" Tweed, American political boss (d. 1878)

1843 - Knut Ekwall, Swedish painter (d. 1912)

 photo KnutEkwall.jpg

1860 - Ulpiano Checa y Sanz, Spanish painter (d. 1916)

 photo UlpianoChecaySanz.jpg

1883 - Frits Van den Berghe, Belgian painter (d. 1939)

 photo FritsVandenBerghe.jpg

1885 – Allan Dwan, Canadian-American director (d. 1981)

1893 – Leslie Howard, English actor (d. 1943)

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1898 – George Jessel, American comedian (d. 1981)

1904 – Sally Rand, American burlesque dancer (d. 1979)

1916 – Herb Caen, American columnist (d. 1997)

1921 – Jan Sterling, American actress (d. 2004)

 photo JanSterling.jpg

1924 – Doris Day, American actress, singer and animal rights activist

1924 – Marlon Brando, American actor (d. 2004)

1926 – Gus Grissom, American astronaut (d. 1967)

1930 – Lawton Chiles, American politician (D-FL) (d. 1998)

1930 – Helmut Kohl, German politician and statesman Chancellor of Germany

1934 – Jane Goodall, British primatologist, ethologist, anthropologist, and UN Messenger of Peace

1936 – Scott LaFaro, American jazz bass player (d. 1961)

1936 – Jimmy McGriff, American jazz organist (d. 2008)

1936 – Harold Vick, American jazz saxophonist and flautist (d. 1987)

1938 – Jeff Barry, American singer, songwriter, and record producer

1941 – Jan Berry, American musician ("Jan and Dean") (d. 2004)

1941 – Philippé Wynne, American musician (The Spinners) (d. 1984)

1942 – Marsha Mason, American actress

1942 – Billy Joe Royal, American singer

1943 – Richard Manuel, Canadian musician and songwriter (The Band) (d. 1986)

1946 – Dee Murray, English bass player (Procol Harum, The Mirage, and Spencer Davis Group, Elton John) (d. 1992)

1949 – Richard Thompson, English singer, songwriter, and guitarist

1951 – Mel Schacher, American musician (Question Mark and the Mysterians and Grand Funk Railroad)

1951 – Mitch Woods, American pianist and singer

1958 – Alec Baldwin, American actor

1959 – David Hyde Pierce, American actor

1961 – Eddie Murphy, American actor and comedian

1962 – Mike Ness, American singer, songwriter, and guitarist (Social Distortion)

1971 – Picabo Street, American skier

1972 – Jennie Garth, American actress

1972 – Catherine McCormack, British actress

1986 – Amanda Bynes, American actress

Died on This Day

1287 – Pope Honorius IV (b. c. 1210)

1663 - Jan Miel, Flemish painter (b. 1599)

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1681 - Lucas Franchoys the Younger, Flemish painter (b. 1616)

 photo LucasFranchoystheYounger.jpg

1682 – Bartolomé Estéban Murillo, Spanish painter (b. 1618)

 photo BartolomeacuteEsteacutebanMurillo.jpg

1691 – Jean Petitot, French-Swiss painter (b. 1608)

1695 – Melchior d'Hondecoeter, Dutch painter (b. c. 1636)

 photo MelchiordHondecoeter.jpg

1919 - Modest Urgell, Spanish painter (b. 1839)

 photo ModestUrgell.jpg

1943 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893)

1950 – Carter G. Woodson, American historian, author, and journalist, founder of Black History Month (b. 1875)

1950 – Kurt Weill, German composer (b. 1900)

1990 – Sarah Vaughan, American singer (b. 1924)

1996 – Ron Brown, American politician, Secretary of Commerce (b. 1941)

2002 – Fad Gadget, English singer and musician (b. 1956)

Today is

Find a Rainbow Day
Pony Express Day
Tweed Day
World Party Day
National Walking Day
Don't Go to Work Unless it's Fun Day
National Chocolate Mousse Day

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