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Overnight News Digest, aka OND, is a community feature here at Daily Kos. Each editor selects news stories on a wide range of topics.

The OND community was founded by Magnifico.

National News

Basements scarce in tornado-prone Oklahoma City area; here's why

Storm chaser: I was in shockBy Tom Watkins, CNN

CNN) -- It's one of the most familiar pieces of advice from authorities to people in the path of a tornado: Get into your basement. Yet few homes in the Oklahoma City area have them -- even though that state is hit by far more powerful tornadoes than most others.

"Probably less than one tenth of one percent" of the houses in Moore are built with basements, said Mike Hancock, president of Basement Contractors in Edmond, Oklahoma. "There's just such a misconception that you cannot do it."


Hancock cited the area's high groundwater levels and heavy clay as among the reasons some people believe -- wrongly, he said -- that basements are tough to construct.

But improved waterproofing methods can obviate the first; and the second, too, is surmountable, according to Hancock, who said he has built more than 600 basements in the Oklahoma City area over the past 15 years.

Arias jurors say they're stuck; judge sends them back to deliberations

Arias jury: We can't agree on penaltyBy Catherine E. Shoichet, Ben Brumfield and Eliott C. McLaughlin, CNN

(CNN) -- Jurors in the Jodi Arias trial say they're stuck.

A note from the jury Wednesday said members couldn't agree about whether Arias should get the death penalty for murdering her ex-boyfriend.

Judge Sherry Stephens told them to try again.

Before sending them back to the jury room, she encouraged them to listen to each other, pinpoint areas of agreement and disagreement and ask for further guidance if they need it.

It's an approach often described as a "dynamite charge," used by judges to blast open logjams in deliberations and help jurors reach a verdict.

Jurors had been deliberating for more than two hours Wednesday when they sent Stephens the note saying they were stuck.

The jury's decision must be unanimous for Arias to be sentenced to death. In the case of a deadlock, a new jury would be chosen for this phase of the trial.

It's settled! Creator tells us how to pronounce 'GIF'

Steve Wilhite, left, received a Webby Award from Tumblr's David Karp for his invention of the animated GIF format.By Doug Gross, CNN

(CNN) -- We can't settle iPhone vs. Android or "Star Wars" vs. "Star Trek" for you. But another long-running geek debate was put to rest Tuesday night.

Those short, animated loops that have captivated the Web for decades? They're pronounced like a brand of peanut butter.

Steve Wilhite created the Graphics Interchange Format, or GIF, while working for Compuserve in 1987. On Tuesday, he received a Webby Award for it and delivered his five-word acceptance speech (that's all the Webbys allow) by flashing a GIF on the big screens at the Cipriani Wall Street in New York.

And, in a flash, it all became clear:

"It's pronounced JIF, not GIF."

Of course, in the grand tradition of heated debate, a flat statement of fact by the creator wasn't enough to sway some partisans. On Twitter, "GIF" became a trending topic as some folks pushed back.

In Raw Milk Case, Activists See Food Freedom On Trial

Supporters say Wisconsin farmer Vernon Hershberger's trial isn't just about raw milk: It's also, they say, about the right to get foods from farmers without government Maria Godoy

What is the case against Wisconsin farmer Vernon Hershberger really about? It depends on whom you ask.

To hear the prosecution, it's about licensing, not raw milk: , a dairy farmer hailing from the town of Loganville, is on trial this week for operating without three licenses. He's also accused of continuing to sell raw milk to members of his private club after he was ordered not to.

If convicted, the father of 10 faces more than a year in jail and more than $10,000 in fines.

Prosecutors say they aren't debating the safety of raw milk — and the judge in the case has pretty much banned all mention of the stuff in the courtroom. His defense team tells us that one trial spectator wearing a T-shirt expressing support for raw milk had to turn it inside out before he was allowed in the courtroom.

But activists say the case is about raw milk and much, much more.

Fundamentally, they say, it's about personal food freedom and the rights of farmers and consumers to enter into private contracts without government intervention.

Think Obama's In Trouble? That Depends On Your Party

U.S. President Barack Obama speaks during a news conference with Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey (not shown), in the Rose Garden at the White House, May 16, 2013 in Washington, DC. President Obama answered questions on the IRS Justice Department Alan Greenblatt

Public opinion about the scandals plaguing the Obama administration is decidedly mixed.

Republicans feel that the trio of controversies — concerning Benghazi, the IRS and the Justice Department snooping on media phone records — are evidence enough that President Obama is either running a government motivated by partisan politics, or is badly out of touch.

Democrats, however, are proving to be much more forgiving.

"These things are being used for political purposes," says Lois Yatzeck, a retired minister in St. Louis. "Obama's political foes are taking advantage of it."

Yatzeck's read on the situation is widely shared. suggest that Republicans are paying much more attention to these matters and are much more likely to disapprove of Obama's handling of them. Democrats, meanwhile, have been more steadfast in support.

International News

Brutal, fatal cleaver assault in London called a terrorist attack

London attack suspect caught on videoBy Laura Smith-Spark and Greg Botelho, CNN

London (CNN) -- They first hit the man, thought to be a British soldier, with a car in broad daylight. Then the two attackers hacked him to death and dumped his body in the middle of a southeastern London road.

As the victim -- dressed in what appeared to be a T-shirt for Help for Heroes, a charity that helps military veterans -- lay prone, one of the two attackers found a camera.

"We swear by almighty Allah we will never stop fighting you until you leave us alone," said a meat-cleaver-wielding man with bloody hands, speaking in what seems to be a London accent.

"The only reasons we killed this man this is because Muslims are dying daily," he added, in video aired by CNN affiliate ITN. "This British soldier is an eye for an eye, a tooth for tooth."

One witness, Michael Atlee, described the gruesome, frenzied and ultimately fatal sequence of events Wednesday afternoon as "a bloody mess."

Octogenarians Face Off to Earn Title of Oldest Man to Reach Everest Summit

Japanese climber Yuichiro Miura, 80, left, is hoping to become the oldest person to reach the top of Mount Everest, breaking the record for the oldest person to climb the mountain, currently held by Nepal's Min Bahadur Sherchan, right, who reached the summit at the age of 76, in 2008. (Reuters| Facebook)By ALEXIS SHAW

Two octogenarian climbers are facing off once again to earn the title of the oldest man to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

Yuichiro Miura, of Japan, is ascending the mountain in hopes of taking home the Guinness World Record that slipped away from him in May 2008, when he was just 75 years and 227 days.

Miura was beaten to the peak by Nepalese climber Min Bahadur Sherchan, who successfully made the climb one day before him, at the age of 76 and 340 days, according to the Guinness World Records website.

Five years later, both men meet again at Everest to test what is perceived to be possible when it comes to one of the greatest physical challenges a climber can endure.

Miura's daughter, Emili Miura, told ABC News in an email that her father is "scheduled to make [the] final attempt toward summit today."

Russian punk band member starts hunger strike to protest court ruling

Jailed Pussy Riot punk rock group member Maria Alyokhina is seen on a monitor, as she takes part in a video conference from the penal colony, inside the courtroom during a hearing in the town of Berezniki May 22, 2013.By Catherine Koppel

(Reuters) - A member of the Pussy Riot band who was jailed over a protest against President Vladimir Putin in a Russian cathedral said on Wednesday she was starting a hunger strike after she was barred from a parole hearing.

Maria Alyokhina also told her lawyers to quit the proceedings.

She and bandmate Nadezhda Tolokonnikova are serving two-year prison terms for bursting into Moscow's main Russian Orthodox cathedral in February 2012 and singing a profanity-laced "punk prayer" urging the Virgin Mary: "Throw Putin out!"

Speaking by a video link from prison, Alyokhina told the court considering her request for release on parole that it had violated her rights by not allowing her to take part.

"In protest against the court's refusal to allow me to appear in person to take part in the hearing, I'm going on a hunger strike," Alyokhina was shown reading from her statement in a video from the prison in the Perm region.

"In the current circumstances I forbid all my lawyers and representatives to take part in this court hearing".

British Driver Says She's Sorry In 'Twit And Run' Case

A screen capture shows a tweet sent by Emma Way after she was involved in a collision Sunday. She has apologized for the Bill Chappell

A British driver who struck a cyclist with her car — and who then bragged about the incident on Twitter — has issued an apology. The incident caused an uproar after the collision Sunday.

"Definitely knocked a cyclist off his bike earlier - I have right of way he doesn't even pay road tax! #bloodycyclist," tweeted Emma Way, in a message that has been widely circulated despite her apparent attempts to delete it, and seemingly her Twitter account, @EmmaWay20.

The story grew to prominence , which termed it a case of "twit and run." And as is the way with such things, the hashtag became a magnet for people who wanted to discuss the story, or talk about bikes sharing roads with cars — or simply to make jokes riffing on the term itself.

It wasn't long before the cyclist involved, Toby Hockley, 29, who works as a chef, saw the tweet. He then tracked Way down on Facebook.

Mexico cartel dominates, torches western state

AP Photo/Marco UgarteBy MARK STEVENSON

LA RUANA, Mexico (AP) -- The farm state of Michoacan is burning. A drug cartel that takes its name from an ancient monastic order has set fire to lumber yards, packing plants and passenger buses in a medieval-like reign of terror.

The Knights Templar cartel is extorting protection payments from cattlemen, lime growers and businesses such as butchers, prompting some communities to fight back, taking up arms in vigilante patrols.

Lime picker Alejandro Ayala chose to seek help from the law instead. After the cartel forced him out of work by shutting down fruit warehouses, he and several dozen co-workers, escorted by Federal Police, met on April 10 with then-state Interior Secretary Jesus Reyna, now the acting governor of the state in western Mexico.

The 41-year-old father of two only wanted to get back to work, said his wife, Martha Elena Murguia Morales.

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Comment Preferences

  •  Tip Jar (20+ / 0-)

    It's your victories that give you your confidence but it's your setbacks that give you your character. -Van Jones

    by Oke on Wed May 22, 2013 at 09:00:15 PM PDT

  •  "Every Human You Save, We'll Kill A Million More" (10+ / 0-)

    Here is the latest trailer for 'Man of Steel.'

    From /Film:

    The latest trailer (number four, if you count the teasers as one) is shorter than the previous one but, somehow jam-packed with even more spectacle. That’s thanks in large part to the menacing threats of General Zod. He’s ready to reign hell on the Planet Earth if they don’t give up Kal-El, and this trailer proves he means serious business. City-destroying, genocide-starting, skull-crushing business.
  •  Always great to (11+ / 0-)

    see you here, Oke. Those octogenarian climbers are phenomenal. Big deal for me to walk to the mailbox.

    Ceiling Cat rules....srsly.

    by side pocket on Wed May 22, 2013 at 09:12:30 PM PDT

  •  America’s Political Nightmares? (11+ / 0-)

    From the A.V. Club: How Scandal became the perfect distillation of America’s political nightmares

    The series taps into something indefinable in the political zeitgeist: As "The West Wing" defined the long twilight of the Clinton years, "Scandal" is the George W. Bush/Barack Obama TV show we didn’t know we needed. At its best, it plays like a slightly sci-fi dramatization of Glenn Greenwald’s blog, with soap elements added, as well as a hefty dose of romantic tragedy. In "Scandal," there are only two things that hold true: No American institution—not governmental or corporate—has your best interests at heart, and human relationships are a kind of beautiful addiction, irresistible in the moment but spiraling outward to infect all they touch.
    • I mentioned this earlier in cfk's "Bookflurries" diary, but I'm about 2/3rds of the way through the second season of "Scandal," and the show took on an entirely different nature once I realized that a good case can be made that Olivia (Kerry Washington) is arguably one of the "villains" of the show. Washington's character is presented as strong, intelligent, and someone who we as the audience should root for, but if you step back & look at the series in its totality almost all of the bad things that happen on the show are directly or indirectly linked to her actions or her enabling. And she is the one that covers up the lies & spreads them to benefit herself, her clients, and those she cares about.
    • Tony Goldwyn's President Fitzgerald Grant is a "Hollywood Republican," in that he's a Republican that bears no resemblance to any Republican that's existed in American politics over the past two decades. All of his positions are Democratic positions, he loathes his Palin-esque Vice President, and he has an openly gay Chief of Staff.
  •  Wilhite (12+ / 0-)

    Really sad that the creator of the GIF is wrong about the way it is pronounced. ;-)

    •  OK, the smiley will save you (8+ / 0-)

      For now.

      "So, please stay where you are. Don't move and don't panic. Don't take off your shoes! Jobs is on the way."

      by wader on Wed May 22, 2013 at 09:22:46 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

    •  Jorillas (7+ / 0-)

      In other news, Wilhite also lamented that the jorillas may be extinct in the Congo basin by 2020.

      Really though, Wilhite must pronounce graphic like he pronounces giraffe.

    •  Similar could be said (6+ / 0-)

      about how to pronounce the word "quark". It has to rhyme with "muster mark" as I see it.

      Ceiling Cat rules....srsly.

      by side pocket on Wed May 22, 2013 at 09:26:14 PM PDT

      [ Parent ]

      •  But Gell-Mann insists it's pronounced "kwORk" (1+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        side pocket

        ...with the first four letters pronounced as in "quart."

        In 1963, when I assigned the name "quark" to the fundamental constituents of the nucleon, I had the sound first, without the spelling, which could have been "kwork". Then, in one of my occasional perusals of Finnegans Wake, by James Joyce, I came across the word "quark" in the phrase "Three quarks for Muster Mark". Since "quark" (meaning, for one thing, the cry of the gull) was clearly intended to rhyme with "Mark", as well as "bark" and other such words, I had to find an excuse to pronounce it as "kwork". But the book represents the dream of a publican named Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker. Words in the text are typically drawn from several sources at once, like the "portmanteau" words in "Through the Looking-Glass". From time to time, phrases occur in the book that are partially determined by calls for drinks at the bar. I argued, therefore, that perhaps one of the multiple sources of the cry "Three quarks for Muster Mark" might be "Three quarts for Mister Mark", in which case the pronunciation "kwork" would not be totally unjustified. In any case, the number three fitted perfectly the way quarks occur in nature.
        -- Murray Gell-Mann, The Quark and the Jaguar, via Wikipedia
        American Heritage Dictionary and Wikipedia both give both pronunciations.

        The original is one of Joyce's puns, IIRC a combination of quart and quirk, which is stable on the page, but in a sort of quantum superposition when you try to pronounce it.


        There's no such thing as a free market!

        by Albanius on Wed May 22, 2013 at 11:43:12 PM PDT

        [ Parent ]

  •  thanks bunches oke (10+ / 0-)

    how could her marriage be even worse? her husband, his brother, and his dad killed her and conspired to hide her body.  really, trib.  

    Susan Powell’s marriage worse than thought, documents show

    Josh and Susan Powell’s marriage may have been even worse than most thought.

    Documents released this week by West Valley City police include evidence Josh Powell was cheating on his wife and gambling. They talk about Susan Powell having a "girl’s night out," and imply it was to liberate herself from Josh’s control.

    "They had arguments every once in awhile and they had assaulted each other in the past," reads one statement in a police report. It’s attributed to Terrica Powell, Josh’s mother.

    Ted Kennedy: “The work goes on, the cause endures, the hope still lives, and the dream shall never die…”

    by jlms qkw on Wed May 22, 2013 at 09:18:42 PM PDT

  •  Thank you!! (8+ / 0-)

    Best wishes to all here!!

    I am a bit alarmed at what I heard tonight at Bookflurries and I would like to dispel the fear in case others have felt they could not comment in a diary unless they read the kind of book mentioned.  

    Various people put up diaries all week for Readers & Book Lovers.  You don't have to be reading a book to stop and chat at Bookflurries on Wed., or read mysteries to comment on Mondays, or read contemporary novels to enjoy what bookgirl tells about them on Tues.  I have not read most of those novels or the books so bad they are good that Ellid talks about, but I enjoy reading the diaries.

    You can read and make a general comment in the diaries and it would be much appreciated.

    Here is the weekly schedule: (Susan from 29 made it interactive so you can click on a diary in this schedule and see the latest)

    All Times are EDT, EST

    Readers & Book Lovers Series Schedule

    DAY TIME (EST/EDT) Series Name Editor(s)
    SUN 6:00 PM Young Reader's Pavilion The Book Bear
    Sun 9:30 PM SciFi/Fantasy Book Club quarkstomper
    Bi-Monthly Sun Midnight Reading Ramblings don mikulecky
    MON 11:30 AM Political Book Club Susan from 29
    Mon 8:00 PM Monday Murder Mystery Susan from 29, michelewln
    Mon 11:00 PM My Favorite Books/Authors edrie, MichiganChet
    TUES 5:00 PM Indigo Kalliope: Poems from the Left bigjacbigjacbigjac
    alternate Tuesdays 8:00 AM LGBT Literature Texdude50, Dave in Northridge
    alternate Tuesdays 8:00 AM All Things Bookstore Dave in Northridge
    Tue 8:00 PM Contemporary Fiction Views bookgirl
    WED 7:30 AM WAYR? plf515
    Wed 2:00 PM e-books Susan from 29
    Wed 8:00 PM Bookflurries Bookchat cfk
    THU 8:00 PM Write On! SensibleShoes
    Thu (first each month) 11:00 AM Monthly Bookpost AdmiralNaismith
    Thu (third each month - on hiatus) 11:00 PM Audiobooks Club SoCaliana
    FRI 8:00 AM Books That Changed My Life Diana in NoVa
    Fri 6:00 PM Books Go Boom! Brecht
    SAT (fourth each month) 11:00 AM Windy City Bookworm Chitown Kev
    Sat 9:00 PM Books So Bad They're Good Ellid

    Join us at Bookflurries-Bookchat on Wednesday nights 8:00 PM EST

    by cfk on Wed May 22, 2013 at 09:28:00 PM PDT

  •  Congress: 'better tax dodger than tax collector' (7+ / 0-)

    NYT: Torches and Pitchforks for I.R.S. but Cheers for Apple

    One thing became clear this week on Capitol Hill: It is better to be a tax dodger than a tax collector.

    Armed with a blistering report that said Apple had avoided paying billions of dollars in taxes, senators this week had choice words for the company’s chief executive, Timothy D. Cook, when he appeared before the Senate’s Permanent Committee on Investigations on Tuesday.

    They called him a “pretty smart guy” and praised the “incredible legacy” his company had left. They gushed over his products, calling Apple “a great company” that had managed to “change the world.”


    It was considerably different for the officials of the Internal Revenue Service, whose presence was also “requested” by lawmakers to face accusations that the agency had improperly targeted conservative Tea Party groups for special scrutiny.


    Mr. Cook, by contrast, took his hot seat in front of senators who seemed halfhearted in their desire to beat up on the rich guy who makes their iPhones, and whose products are far more popular than they are.

  •  Who? (7+ / 0-)

    The Valeyard? The "true" Ninth Doctor? Something we have never seen or heard about before?

    From the Sydney Morning Herald:

    In a convoluted plot, viewers saw the Doctor's sidekick Clara (Jenna-Louise Coleman) enter his "timeline" where she saw his other guises, or regenerations, as they headed through various points in history. But as she spotted one figure she did not recognise (Hurt), the present Doctor, played by Matt Smith, ushered her away.

    And as 73-year-old Hurt turned round, the words "introducing John Hurt as The Doctor" flashed on-screen. But it is not entirely clear if Hurt is expected to become part of the weekly series.

    Hurt had already let the cat out of the bag earlier that he played a pivotal role, when speaking at an event he said he played "part of The Doctor" in a "kind of trinity" with other actors. He is also expected to appear in a 50th anniversary special later this year, with viewers told that the plot was "to be continued".

  •  Hi Oke. Thanks (5+ / 0-)

    as always.

    The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it.― Neil deGrasse Tyson

    by maggiejean on Wed May 22, 2013 at 09:40:49 PM PDT

  •  Internet: Destroyer of the middle class (9+ / 0-)

    Salon: Jaron Lanier: The Internet destroyed the middle class

    Jaron Lanier is a computer science pioneer who has grown gradually disenchanted with the online world since his early days popularizing the idea of virtual reality. “Lanier is often described as ‘visionary,’ ” Jennifer Kahn wrote in a 2011 New Yorker profile, “a word that manages to convey both a capacity for mercurial insight and a lack of practical job skills.”


    Lanier still sees potential in digital technology: He just wants it reoriented away from its main role so far, which involves “spying” on citizens, creating a winner-take-all society, eroding professions and, in exchange, throwing bonbons to the crowd.


    “Here’s a current example of the challenge we face,” he writes in the book’s prelude: “At the height of its power, the photography company Kodak employed more than 140,000 people and was worth $28 billion. They even invented the first digital camera. But today Kodak is bankrupt, and the new face of digital photography has become Instagram. When Instagram was sold to Facebook for a billion dollars in 2012, it employed only 13 people. Where did all those jobs disappear? And what happened to the wealth that all those middle-class jobs created?

    Salon goes on to interview him. Here's one of the questions and his responses:
    You say early in the book, “As much as it pains me to say so, we can survive only if we destroy the middle classes of musicians, journalists, photographers.” I guess what you seem to be saying here is the creative class is sort of the canary in the digital coal mine.

    Yes. That’s precisely my point. So when people say, “Why are musicians so special? Everybody has to struggle.” And the thing is, I do think we are looking at a [sustainable] model.

    We don’t realize that our society and our democracy ultimately rest on the stability of middle-class jobs. When I talk to libertarians and socialists, they have this weird belief that everybody’s this abstract robot that won’t ever get sick or have kids or get old. It’s like everybody’s this eternal freelancer who can afford downtime and can self-fund until they find their magic moment or something.

    The way society actually works is there’s some mechanism of basic stability so that the majority of people can outspend the elite so we can have a democracy. That’s the thing we’re destroying, and that’s really the thing I’m hoping to preserve. So we can look at musicians and artists and journalists as the canaries in the coal mine, and is this the precedent that we want to follow for our doctors and lawyers and nurses and everybody else? Because technology will get to everybody eventually.

    I think CEOs will still be safe though. They really could be outsourced for cheap to other places, but yet they haven't been.

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