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On This Day

In 1305, William Wallace, known to modern day moviegoers from the film "Braveheart," was captured by the British and shipped off to London to face trial. ("Freeeeeeedom!")

In 1620, a ship called The Mayflower set off from Southhampton in England on a journey to the New World.

In 1861, the United States began charging a 3% tax on incomes greater than $800 in order to pay for the Civil War. The tax ended in 1872.

In 1957, the popular local Philly TV show known as Bandstand began broadcasting nationally as American Bandstand.

In 1963, the U.S., Britain, and the Soviets signed a nuclear test ban treaty.

In 1966, the Beatles' album Revolver was released.

In 1981, Ronald Reagan fired 11,359 air traffic controllers who refused his order to return to work from their strike.

In 2010, 33 miners were trapped underground in Copiapó, Chile, after a tunnel caved in. Their ordeal lasted 69 days, and all 33 came out alive.

In 2010, Elena Kagan was confirmed by the Senate (63-37) as the 4th female Justice of the Supreme Court.

In 2012, a white supremacist fatally shot 6 people and wounded 4 others in an attack on a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisconsin.

Born on This Day

1815 – Edward John Eyre, English explorer (d. 1901)

1819 – Arthur Fitzwilliam Tait, English painter (d. 1905)

 photo ArthurFitzwilliamTait.jpg

1827 – Deodoro da Fonseca, Brazilian politician, 1st President of Brazil (d. 1892)

1844 – Ilya Repin, Russian painter and sculptor (d. 1930)

 photo IlyaRepin.jpg

1850 – Guy de Maupassant, French writer (d. 1893)

1855 – Louis-Charles Moeller, U.S. painter (d. 1930)

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1858 – Edmund Henry Osthaus, U.S. painter specializing in dogs (d. 1928)

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1858 – Henry Siddons Mowbray, U.S. painter (d. 1928)

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1860 – Henri Martin, French painter (d. 1943)

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1862 – Joseph Merrick, English man with severe deformities, known as The Elephant Man.  (d. 1890)

1865 – Robert Polhill Bevan, English painter (d. 1925)

1877 – Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (d. 1917)

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1887 – Reginald Owen, English actor (d. 1972)

1889 – Conrad Aiken, American writer (d. 1973)

1906 – Joan Hickson, English actress (d. 1998)

1906 – John Huston, American director (d. 1987)

1911 – Robert Taylor, American actor (d. 1969)

1930 – Neil Armstrong, American pilot, engineer, and astronaut (d. 2012)

1935 – John Saxon, American actor

1940 – Rick Huxley, English bass player (The Dave Clark Five) (d. 2013)

1943 – Sammi Smith, American singer-songwriter (d. 2005)

1945 – Loni Anderson, American actress

1947 – Rick Derringer, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The McCoys)

1947 – Greg Leskiw, Canadian guitarist and songwriter (The Guess Who)

1953 – Samantha Sang, Australian singer

1956 – Maureen McCormick, American actress

1959 – Pete Burns, English singer-songwriter, and author (Dead or Alive)

1959 – Pat Smear, American guitarist (Germs, Nirvana, Foo Fighters, and Adolescents)

1964 – Adam Yauch, American rapper, songwriter, and director (Beastie Boys) (d. 2012)

1966 – Jennifer Finch, American singer, bass player, and photographer (L7)

1967 – Matthew Caws, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Nada Surf)

1982 – Lolo Jones, American hurdler

Died on This Day

1364 – Emperor Kōgon of Japan (b. 1313)

1579 – Stanislaus Hosius, Polish cardinal (b. 1504)

1633 – George Abbot, English Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1562)

1757 – Antoine Pesne, French painter (b. 1683)

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1811 – Adolf Ulrik Wertmüller, Swedish painter (b. 1751)

 photo AdolfUlrikWertmuumlller.jpg

1895 – Friedrich Engels, German philosopher (b. 1820)

1925 – Jennie Lee, American actress (b. 1848)

1955 – Carmen Miranda, Portuguese-born Brazilian actress and singer (b. 1909)

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1959 – Edgar Guest, English poet (b. 1881)

1962 – Marilyn Monroe, American actress (b. 1926)

1977 – Max Kaus, German painter and printmaker (b. 1891)

1983 – Judy Canova, American actress (b. 1913)

1992 – Jeff Porcaro, American drummer, songwriter, and producer (Toto and Clover) (b. 1954)

2000 – Tullio Crali, Italian artist (b. 1910)

2000 – Alec Guinness, English actor (b. 1914)

2009 – Budd Schulberg, American screenwriter and novelist (b. 1914)

Today is

National Oyster Day
Work Like a Dog Day
Assistance Dog Day
National Underwear Day

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