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Welcome to Science Saturday, where the Overnight News Digest crew, consisting of founder Magnifico, regular editors maggiejean, wader, Man Oh Man, side pocket, rfall, and JML9999, alumni editors palantir, Bentliberal, Oke, jlms qkw, Interceptor7, and ScottyUrb, guest editor annetteboardman, and current editor-in-chief Neon Vincent, along with anyone else who reads and comments, informs and entertains you with this week's news about science, space, health, energy, and the environment.

Now that the general election has passed, this is the last Overnight News Digest: Science Saturday that features the research stories from the public universities in each of the states having elections for federal or state office and stories from all research universities in major cities having municipal elections on November 5th as listed in The Green Papers.  However, the series will continue to feature the research stories universities from states and cities holding elections through the end of the year as listed in the 2013 Daily Kos Elections Calendar.  That written, tonight's edition features the science, space, health, environment, and energy stories from universities in the states of Massachusetts, New Jersey, and Virginia, and the cities of Boston, Cincinnati, Detroit, and New York.

This week's featured story comes from the Chicago Tribune.

Philippines typhoon kills at least 10,000
Tribune wire reports
10:49 p.m. CST, November 9, 2013

Manila—One of the most powerful storms ever recorded killed at least 10,000 people in the central Philippines province of Leyte, a senior police official said on Sunday, with coastal towns and the regional capital devastated by huge waves.

Super typhoon Haiyan destroyed about 70 to 80 percent of the area in its path as it tore through the province on Friday, said chief superintendent Elmer Soria, a regional police director.

Most of the deaths appear to have been caused by surging sea water strewn with debris that many described as similar to a tsunami, which leveled houses and drowned hundreds of people.

More stories after the jump.

Recent Science Diaries and Stories

Women in Science: Nellie Harris Rau 188?-1972
by Desert Scientist

Green diary rescue: S.F. Bay on carbon cuts, Michigan on renewables, Colorado voters on fracking
by Meteor Blades

This week in science: Super Typhoon
by DarkSyde

Slideshows/Videos

Universitas 21 on Vimeo: University of Virginia: Voted The People's Choice winner in the 2013 U21 3MT Competition

Lindsey Brinton: 'Catching Tumors by Their Webs' from Universitas 21 on Vimeo.


Also see the story under Science Education.

Virginia Tech: Fin Locomotion

Fish fins have a blend of rigidity and flexibility that allows fish to move through water in ways that vehicles with propellers cannot. Virginia Tech's Michael Philen, associate professor, and his research team in the College of Engineering are investigating the possibility of using synthetic fins to give vehicles the same versatility of motion that fish have.

Boston University has a four-part series on Trauma.  Read the story that goes with this series under Science Crime Scenes.

Trauma Part 1: The Trauma Algorithm

Peter Burke discusses the methods his team uses to shave seconds off response time.

Trauma Part 2: The Clock is Ticking

Trauma Part 3: The Lethal Triad

Trauma Part 4: Why It's Called a "Trauma Team"

University of Massachusetts: Cranberry Research Station

The UMass Cranberry Station has been working with Massachusetts cranberry growers for more than a century to fight pests and improve yields of the fruit, an important crop for the state. The 2013 harvest took place in glorious autumn sunshine.

University of Cincinnati: UC Honors Neil Armstrong with Exhibit and Digital Collection

The University of Cincinnati announced on Nov. 6, 2013 the vision for a Neil Armstrong Space Science Institute and an important research partnership with NASA's Ames Research Center while also honoring the life of Neil Armstrong, who taught at UC from 1971 to 1979.

NASA Television: Kepler Conference on This Week @NASA

During the Kepler Science Conference at Ames Research Center, the science community discussed the latest news from the Kepler mission's hunt for exo-planets.... which are planets outside our solar system Among the findings -- 833 newly discovered candidate planets -- 10 of those orbiting in their sun's habitable zone -- a distance at which their surface temperature may be suitable for liquid water. Also, Full house on ISS, The New Chief & MAVEN, Russia Meteor Study and High School Satellite.

NASA Television: Administrator Bolden on Kepler Mission Findings

Scientists working on this mission both inside and outside government will continue to explore potential planets outside our solar system for years to come, based on the spacecraft's groundbreaking work.

Among the amazing findings, a stunning result that found that there may be many more Earth-like planets than previously thought in the Milky Way.

Science at NASA: ScienceCasts: What Happened to Mars? A Planetary Mystery

Mars was once on track to become a thriving Earth-like planet, yet today it is an apparently lifeless wasteland. A NASA spacecraft named MAVEN will soon journey to Mars to find out what went wrong on the Red Planet.

Astronomy/Space

Space.com: European Satellite Is Falling from Space, But Where Will It Hit?
By Megan Gannon, News Editor
November 08, 2013 01:20pm ET

A European gravity-mapping satellite is expected to fall out of space in a few days, though no one knows exactly where its surviving fragments will land.

The fate of European Space Agency's falling GOCE satellite was sealed in October, when the spacecraft ran out of the fuel needed to keep it aloft in a very low orbit above Earth.

Now that the satellite's mission is over, its handlers at the European Space Agency (ESA) are closely tracking its ever-descending orbit to determine where it might fall.

University of Cincinnati: Honoring the Life of Neil Armstrong: UC Signs NASA Space Act Agreement
The University of Cincinnati has announced a forward-looking effort to promote space-based research while also looking back on the life of the first man on the moon.
By: John Bach
Date: 11/6/2013 1:00:00 PM

In honor of Armstrong, UC:
  • Opened an on-campus exhibit
  • Unveiled a bas-relief honoring Armstrong for Rhodes Hall
  • Launched the vision for the Neil Armstrong Space Science Institute
  • Signed a Space Act Agreement with NASA’s Ames Research Center
  • Revealed a commemorative website celebrating Armstrong’s career
  • Started a new award and scholarship in his honor

"Although Neil Armstrong was a private and unassuming hero who preferred not to be in the spotlight, the University of Cincinnati community wanted to do something to honor his memory and his achievements,” said UC President Santa Ono. “We wanted to do it in a way that takes into account how we at the University of Cincinnati knew him best — as a teacher and an engineer, as a pilot and astronaut.

“The relief at Rhodes, the scholarships, our partnership with NASA and our other activities are all intended to carry on his legacy of probing new frontiers and inspiring the pursuit of scientific inquiry.”

Climate/Environment

Virginia Tech: Researchers explore natural solution to rid household plumbing of dangerous pathogens

BLACKSBURG, Va., Nov. 4, 2013 – Microbes are everywhere – thousands of species are in your mouth, and thousands are in a glass of tap water. The ones in your mouth are mostly harmless – as long as you brush and floss so they don't form a biofilm that allows gum disease a path into the blood stream.

Microbes in the tap water delivered by modern water systems in a developed country are also mostly harmless – with some notable exceptions.

A team of Virginia Tech researchers is investigating the challenges presented by four often deadly pathogens that have been documented in household or hospital tap water. They propose fighting these opportunistic pathogens with harmless microbes – a probiotic approach for cleaning up plumbing.

Writing in the American Chemical Society journal, Environmental Science and Technology, the researchers reviewed studies of opportunistic pathogens that have colonized water systems within buildings – between the delivery point and the tap. They define a probiotic approach as intentionally creating conditions that select for a desirable microbial community, or microbiome.

University of Cincinnati: Student Creates "Liquid App" to Advance and Increase Collection of Research Data in the Field
When UC environmental engineering graduate student Jacob Shidler traveled to the Comoros Islands last year to collect roof-harvested rainwater for his research, he also returned with an idea for an innovative mobile app to advance and increase data collection. He and a partner have now launched "Liquid Field Notes" software app for use by everyone from citizen scientists to academic researchers.
By: Desiré Bennett
Date: 11/6/2013 12:00:00 AM

In May 2012 environmental engineering graduate student Jacob Shidler took a self-funded trip to the Comoros Islands to conduct graduate research and returned with more than research results.

Shidler’s goal was to collect and analyze roof-harvested rainwater. “I gathered samples straight from the gutters of families living there,” he said. “I genuinely wanted to help the people of the Comoros in the best way possible, and I knew that meant producing the best data possible.”

Shidler is studying the impact that specific gutter material – aluminum, plastic, wood, or concrete – has on the quality of the rainwater that is collected and stored for drinking and cooking uses. “The samples I collected and brought back are being used to identify any ‘bio-indicators’ that could suggest a particular degree of water quality,” he explains. “These bio-indicators are based on the specific biologic life present in the gutter samples such as algae, diatoms and micro-invertebrates. All these organisms are being identified and compared to general water quality parameters, such as turbidity, conductivity, pH, and temperature, collected with the samples.”

Shidler hopes to provide two things from this research. “First, to conclude if gutter material does in fact have a significant impact on the quality of roof harvested rainwater and if so, what materials are best suited to produce the highest degree of water quality,” he said. “Second, we will provide an extensive list of all taxa discovered in the samples collected from gutters in Comoros. This will serve as a unique survey of flora and fauna (plant and wildlife) found in the rainwater gutters of the Comoros islands, which is a fundamental piece of biological documentation.”

Biodiversity

Virginia Tech: Harold E. Burkhart named Forest Champion of the Year

BLACKSBURG, Va., Nov. 7, 2013 – Harold E. Burkhart of Blacksburg, Va., University Distinguished Professor and the Thomas M. Brooks Professor of Forestry in the College of Natural Resources and Environment, was named Forest Champion of the Year by the Forest Landowners Association.

The honor is bestowed upon individuals who have made a significant contribution to the private forest landowner community through research, legislative, or regulatory efforts at the local or national level.
...
Burkhart is considered by many forest scientists to be the father of forest biometrics, which explores the theory and applications of quantitative models of forest stands. His principal path-breaking achievement is the development of a comprehensive, integrated set of forest yield forecasting models for stands subjected to a wide variety of management treatments.

His contributions to the advancement of forest growth are unprecedented, and he has led the way in developing new methodology for tree and stand modeling and in elucidating the complex mathematical relationships between models of differing levels.

Boston University: What a Shark’s Nose Knows
BU prof says there’s much to respect, little to fear
By Susan Seligson
11.04.2013

Sharks are the tabloid fodder of the animal kingdom. They dominate headlines, are the subject of overblown or fabricated claims, and inspire titillating biopics. In his 20 years of communing with sharks at laboratories in Boston and Woods Hole, Jelle Atema, a College of Arts & Sciences professor of biology and an adjunct scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, has found much to respect about the creatures, and not so much to fear. Atema is weary of alarmist media coverage. While fatal shark attacks are extremely rare, he says, humans kill millions of sharks every year, and swimmers who venture near a pod of seals, which can attract sharks, should know better.

Much of Atema’s work has focused on the workings of sharks’ sense of smell, which is sophisticated, complex, and finely tuned to survival in a world where visibility is poor.

At his Woods Hole laboratory one broiling hot summer day, Atema hovers over an immense saltwater tank that serves as a kind of lap pool for odor-detecting experiments conducted by Ashley Jennings (GRS’14), who is working toward a master’s in biology, with a concentration in ecology, behavior, and evolution.

Biotechnology/Health

Rutgers University: Rise in Falls and Fractures Among Elderly After Superstorm Sandy
Rutgers researcher attributes increase in injuries in older New Jerseyans to power outages
By Lisa Intrabartola
Monday, November 11, 2013

Everyone knows Superstorm Sandy left many New Jersey homes and businesses battered and bruised.

But most are not aware of the considerable toll the storm and its aftermath took on our state’s residents.

“With disasters, there are things beyond the obvious,” said Rutgers’ Sue Shapses, a professor in the department of Nutrition and chair of the Interagency Council of Osteoporosis. “There are real health hazard risks, especially falling and fracturing.  And it’s especially a problem for our elderly population.”

Based on a report Shapses wrote using data from the New Jersey Hospital Association that showed state hospitals experienced an 18 percent increase in visits related to falls and a 13 percent increase in visits related to fractures, during the week following the storm in comparison to the week prior. Of those who sought medical attention for falls and fractures after the hurricane, there was a 40 percent rise in falls and fractures in those who were 65 or older.

Rutgers University: From Death and Dying, to Caring for the Living
Rutgers addresses today's challenges of treating people living with HIV/AIDS
By Jeff Tolvin
Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Peter Oates vividly recalled counseling a 28-year-old Newark woman with AIDS who refused to take her life-saving regimen of drugs – or “cocktail” – regularly.

The result: Her T-cell count – a key indicator of the body’s immune status – fell to a dangerously low level of six. “Finally, the light bulb went off,” said Oates, and she began following orders.

Today, 14 years later, her T-cell count today is about 800 – a level associated with health – and her outlook is bright for a near-normal life, though she remains infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that can lead to AIDS.

“Today, we have the medication to survive, to stop the destruction of the T-cells in the immune system,” said Oates, director of health care services at the François-Xavier Bagnoud Center within the Rutgers School of Nursing. “But people who are infected must change their behavior and mindset, because they can become resistant to their medications if they don’t stick to the prescribed treatment regimen.”

Boston University: BU Researchers Work against Deadly, Disfiguring Disease
Pharmaceutical giant GSK chooses team in its new competition
By Rich Barlow
11.07.2013

If a picture is worth a thousand words, photos of leishmaniasis patients speak volumes of suffering: a disease that leaves disfiguring skin lesions that scar for life, requiring painful, burning injections or IV infusions to cure. “They’re almost a form of torture,” Scott Schaus says of the treatments.

A team including Schaus (CAS’95), a College of Arts & Sciences associate professor of chemistry and a School of Medicine associate professor of pharmacology, and Lauren Brown, a CAS research assistant professor of chemistry, has developed a process that a major pharmaceutical company says might yield better drugs against leishmaniasis, a sand fly–borne illness afflicting 12 million people worldwide, with 2 million new cases reported each year. Brown and Schaus are among eight winners of GlaxoSmithKline’s (GSK) first Discovery Fast Track Competition, which seeks promising ideas for future drugs.

The team identified compounds, developed at BU’s Center for Molecular Discovery, that are effective against 2 of the 15 species of the leishmania parasite.

Boston University: Lessons from a Hot Zone
Ugandan Ebola outbreak reveals the soul of an SPH alum
11.07.2013 By Nancy Brady (SPH’13)

“Nancy, we have a problem.”

I looked squarely into the eyes of Bruno, our data manager, trying to gauge his concern. It was a phrase I was accustomed to hearing.

I was spending the summer of 2012 working in public health centers in Kibaale, a rural district 136 miles west of the Ugandan capital of Kampala. The Ugandan health system was plagued by frequent shortages of workers and supplies, so “having a problem” was not particularly alarming. Bruno’s tone, however, was. He was noticeably shaken. “There is a mysterious disease that has killed 14 people, including Dr. Claire,” he said. “Now her sister is sick.”

University of Virginia: Study Aims to Better Understand Concussions in High School, College Athletes
Eric Swensen
November 7, 2013

To better measure the effects and causes of sports concussions, researchers from the University of Virginia’s School of Medicine and Curry School of Education plan to track 130 student-athletes in three sports over the next year.

Neuroradiologist Dr. Jason Druzgal is leading the study’s multidisciplinary research team, which includes neuropsychologist Donna Broshek, pediatric neurologist Dr. Howard Goodkin and kinesiologist Susan Saliba. They will follow football, men’s and women’s soccer and men’s and women’s lacrosse student-athletes from U.Va.; the study will also track student-athletes in the same sports from St. Anne’s-Belfield, a Charlottesville-area high school.

The goal, Broshek said: “Can we figure out some steps to keep the players safe without drastically modifying their sports?”

Psychology/Behavior

New York University: Movshon Winner of “Golden Brain” Award for Research on the Neuroscience of Vision
Nov 6, 2013

Neuroscientist J. Anthony Movshon has been named the recipient of Minerva Foundation’s 2013 Golden Brain Award “for his foundational contributions to the field of visual neuroscience,” the Berkeley, Calif.-based organization said in announcing the honor.

The award, now in its 29th year, recognizes outstanding contributions in vision and brain research.

Movshon, a faculty member in NYU’s Center for Neural Science and Department of Psychology, will receive the award on Nov. 9—during the Society for Neuroscience’s 43rd annual meeting in San Diego, California.

Director of NYU’s Center for Neural Science, Movshon predicted and discovered the existence of neurons in the brain that enable global motion perception, which is at work when we process the complex visual scenes that surround us.

New York University: NYU Steinhardt Researchers, Autistic Adults Aim to Bolster Self-Advocacy, Self-Esteem in Autistic Adolescents with New Web Site
Nov 5, 2013

Researchers at NYU’s Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development have teamed up with three autistic adults to launch a web site that provides resources aimed at instilling self-advocacy and self-esteem skills among adolescents with autism spectrum disorders.

The site, www.projectkeepitreal.com, is part of the “Keeping It Real” project, a partnership between NYU Steinhardt’s ASD Nest Support Project and three autistic adults—Jesse Saperstein, Zosia Zaks, and Dr. Stephen Shore—working in the ASD community.

The site includes three modules, developed by Saperstein, Zaks, and Shore, that can be used in middle schools to nurture students’ self-esteem and foster critical self-advocacy skills. These modules are composed of videos, PowerPoint presentations, classroom lessons, and follow-up activities that highlight the presenters’ experiences and expertise with both students and their teachers.

The modules focus on three discrete areas: adopting measures to stand up to bullying; channeling interests into social and vocational opportunities; and articulating needs and problem-solving with members of their community.

Rutgers University: Violence in Jails and Prisons Can Inflict Lasting Trauma on Victims
A Rutgers researcher studies abused inmates’ psychological damage
By Carrie Stetler
Wednesday, November 6, 2013

Ashley Schappell remembers hearing about the prisoner who was beaten and stomped by a fellow inmate in the cafeteria before his attacker poured a scalding pot of coffee on his head. Other inmates described random fights that culminated in stabbings.

Schappell, a Rutgers-Newark graduate student in the Department of Psychology, recently received a $25,000 National Science Foundation grant to research how violence during incarceration affects inmates. One questions she seeks to answer is whether it makes their re-entry into society more difficult.

“We know that being exposed to violence and being victimized increases depression, anxiety and incidents of post-traumatic stress disorder,” said Schappell, who once taught a psychology course in San Quentin prison. “Prisoners who tend to be victimized are people that I see over and over again. They get released and they come back. Some have been there their whole lives. Even though it’s scary, it’s all they know and they feel more comfortable there.”

University of Massachusetts: New Research from Sociologists Finds the Racial and Educational Preferences of Internet Daters
Study of nearly one million dating website users shows opportunities for white daters, hurdles for blacks
November 7, 2013

AMHERST, Mass. – New research from sociologists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has found specific racial patterns in the outreach and response habits of heterosexual men and women using online dating sites.

In a study published in the upcoming issue of the American Journal of Sociology, vol. 119, no. 1, UMass Amherst doctoral recipient Ken-Hou Lin and associate professor Jennifer Lundquist tracked the racial and educational characteristics of almost one million online daters searching for relationships from the 20 largest cities in the U.S. They then analyzed the inquiries sent and received by each dater, in order to gain an understanding of how members of each race interact with one another in an online dating setting.

Lin and Lundquist found that when Internet daters search for potential mates, they are more likely to approach those of the same racial identity as themselves, and a clear racial hierarchy dominates the response process. White daters’ messages are likely to elicit responses from daters of other groups, but white women respond mostly only to white men. Black daters, particularly black women, tend to be ignored when they contact non-black groups, even though they respond to other races no less frequently. Asian and Hispanic daters seem to be at the middle of the racial hierarchy; they are responsive to whites, members from their own respective races, and to some extent each other, but not to black daters. Their findings all hold true even after taking into account differing demographic, physical and personality characteristics among the daters.

“Simply stated, white women prefer white men over non-white men, while white men prefer non-black women over black women,” they write in their paper, Mate Selection in Cyberspace: the Intersection of Race, Gender and Education. “Being black on the dating market—particularly being a black female— means that one’s invitations are most likely to be ignored. The only group that responds regularly to black men and women are one another.”

Archeology/Anthropology

LiveScience: Crashed and Burned: How King Tut Died
By Marc Lallanilla, Assistant Editor
November 04, 2013 01:31pm ET

Though the famed Egyptian pharaoh King Tutankhamun died more than 3,300 years ago, the mystery surrounding his death and mummification continues to haunt scientists.

Now, British researchers believe they've found evidence explaining how the boy king died and, in the process, made a shocking discovery: After King Tut was sealed in his tomb in 1323 B.C., his mummified body caught fire and burned.

Since Egyptologists Lord Carnarvon and Howard Carter uncovered King Tut's tomb in 1922, their discovery has been shrouded in mystery and fear. A "curse of the mummy's tomb" entered the popular imagination after several members of the archaeological team died untimely deaths.

annetteboardman is taking the night off.

Paleontology/Evolution

LiveScience: New 'King of Gore' Dinosaur Reveals T. Rex Lineage
By Stephanie Pappas, Senior Writer
November 06, 2013 01:00pm ET

A new narrow-snouted species of tyrannosaur discovered in Utah reveals that the isolation of an ancient island continent may have spurred incredible dinosaur diversity some 80 million years ago.

Lythronax argestes was discovered in 2009 in Grand Staircase Escalante National Monument in Utah. Paleontologists Mark Loewen and Randall Irmis, of the Natural History Museum of Utah, in Salt Lake City, were eating lunch together when they got the call about the discovery.

"Immediately, we were super-excited, because no fossils had been found in rocks quite that age, the 80-million-year-old rocks, so we knew there was a good chance it could be something new," Irmis told LiveScience.

Geology

LiveScience: Gas Injection Triggered Texas Earthquakes
By Becky Oskin, Staff Writer
November 06, 2013 04:56pm ET

Recent earthquakes that rattled the Cogdell oil field in northern Texas were triggered by gas-injection wells meant to boost oil production, a study finds.

People living in Snyder and other towns near the Cogdell drilling sites recall a similar earthquake swarm that shook homes between 1974 and 1982, which has been linked to fluid injection.

It turns out that several earthquakes from both the recent and 1970s swarms hit in about the same place, probably along pre-existing fault lines hidden underground, said study authors Wei Gan and Cliff Frohlich of the University of Texas at Austin's Institute for Geophysics. The quakes clustered along several northeast-southwest lines, which might indicate the presence of previously unidentified faults, they said.

Energy

Virginia Tech: Solar panel installation at Arlington research center is laboratory for graduate engineering students

NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION, Nov. 8, 2013 – A solar photovoltaic system on the roof of the Virginia Tech Research Center — Arlington is serving a three-fold purpose: It contributes to the LEED credentials of the 144,000-square-foot, seven-story building; lowers energy costs; and benefits graduate education by serving as a laboratory for engineering students.

“We are able to collect data about solar radiation, wind speed, and ambient and solar panel temperatures that allows us to create mathematical models for solar panel performance under various weather conditions and seasons. From this we can determine how much power can be generated from a certain number of solar panels in similar climates,” said Saifur Rahman, the Joseph R. Loring Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and director of the Virginia Tech Advanced Research Institute.
...
“This project is an excellent way for our students to learn about the benefits of solar and wind power and how they can apply this technology to real-world situations,” said Rahman.

University of Cincinnati: UC's SmartLight More Than a Bright Idea, It's a Revolution in Interior Lighting Ready to Shine
The innovative solar technology "would change the equation for energy," according to UC researchers.
By: Tom Robinette
Date: 11/6/2013 2:07:00 PM

A pair of University of Cincinnati researchers has seen the light – a bright, powerful light – and it just might change the future of how building interiors are brightened.

In fact, that light comes directly from the sun. And with the help of tiny, electrofluidic cells and a series of open-air "ducts," sunlight can naturally illuminate windowless work spaces deep inside office buildings and excess energy can be harnessed, stored and directed to other applications.

This new technology is called SmartLight, and it's the result of an interdisciplinary research collaboration between UC's Anton Harfmann and Jason Heikenfeld. Their research paper "Smart Light – Enhancing Fenestration to Improve Solar Distribution in Buildings" was recently presented at Italy's CasaClima international energy forum.

Physics

Rutgers University: For Students Dreading Science Class, a Quantum Leap Forward
A physics course draws humanities and social science students
Written by John Chadwick| SAS Senior Writer

Kimberly Syvarth never saw science as her strong point.

She was a dedicated humanities student, majoring in Jewish studies, with a passion for probing the underlying meaning of scripture.

“I actually wrote my senior thesis on biblical interpretation,” said Syvarth, who graduated in 2013 from the School of Arts and Sciences (SAS). “It was a literary interpretation.”

But last spring, needing a science course to fulfill graduation requirements, she signed up, with some trepidation, for an elective in physics. To her surprise, the course was her favorite for the semester, and left her curious about matter, energy, and the origins of the universe.

“I would never have thought that in my life,” she declared. “But I loved that class.”

Chemistry

Virginia Tech: Chemist working to help healing process

BLACKSBURG, Va., Nov. 6, 2013 – The human body in all its complexity, sometimes is a little overzealous in making repairs. These repairs can, in some instances, lead to more problems.

For organic chemist Webster Santos, associate professor of chemistry, helping the body turn off its healing mechanisms in time to prevent fibrosis is a goal with an end in sight.

Building organic molecules in his lab, Santos, a native of Pampanga, Philippines, had been working on a compound he thought would be used to treat cancer.

“We’ve been working on this compound since around 2009,” he said, “and it basically boils down to the fact we found a structure that we modified for a target enzyme and we’re continuing to work on it with the eye toward it becoming a drug to fight fibrosis.”

Science Crime Scenes

Boston University: Trauma
Peter Burke spent 14 years building a surgical team that could handle the worst kind of emergencies. On April 15, that emergency arrived.
By Susan Seligson

Peter Burke had just finished the morning session of a medical conference at the Four Seasons Hotel Las Vegas when the news flashed on a lobby TV: two bombs had exploded near the Boston Marathon finish line, turning an annual celebration into a war zone.

Minutes later he received an emergency text message from Boston Medical Center (BMC), where he is chief trauma surgeon. The unit was inundated with the grievously injured from an attack that killed 3, among them BU graduate student Lu Lingzi (GRS’13), and wounded at least 260. Many of those rushed to BMC were battling for life, with mangled legs, collapsed lungs, and profound blood loss. Burke called his chief nurse to find out if there was any way he could help from a distance of nearly 3,000 miles. The answer was no.

When he arrived in Boston around midnight, Burke rushed from Logan Airport to BMC, one of the city’s five adult Level 1 trauma centers, all of which were scrambling to stabilize the injured. BMC received 28 bomb victims; 19 were admitted, 11 with critical injuries.

In his 14 years at BMC, Burke had dealt with hundreds of multiple admissions from car crashes or shootings. But Marathon day presented a scene more familiar to trauma program manager Joseph Blansfield, a nurse practitioner who has been at BMC since 1992. An active colonel in the US Army Reserve, Blansfield (SON’78) had run combat support hospitals in Mosul and Tikrit, Iraq. As BMC trauma surgeons, anesthesiologists, and nurses mobilized, Blansfield was doing what had become second nature in those war-torn places: identifying the most critically injured and getting them to the trauma bays.

Boston University: Cons & the Connoisseur
When the label on a 1928 Chateau Petrus looks a little funny, who you gonna call?
By Patrick L. Kennedy
In May 2012, with a decade of collecting under his belt, Blake (who requested that his real name not be used) went shopping online for some wines from France’s vaunted Bordeaux and Burgundy regions. He contacted a high-end Manhattan retailer, and began receiving emails from the owner about choice wines for sale. “He had all kinds of stuff that was really rare, old, and hard to find,” Blake recalls. “He claimed he got everything from restaurants he’d known for 25 years or from friends at the wineries. He told me great stories about where the wine came from.”

Blake was impressed. “I asked around New York, and it seemed like a legit operation,” he says. “I knew wealthy people in New York, and he’d helped them find wines and seemed like a good guy.”

He selected three bottles of 1928 Chateau Petrus, each priced at $3,000, one bottle of 1964 Henri Jayer that set him back $6,500, and dozens more. In a series of purchases that month, Blake spent nearly $300,000, plus shipping costs, on Bordeaux wines alone.

The cases arrived and Blake tore them open. But once his excitement died down, he had some doubts. One of the bottles struck him as odd-looking, but he couldn’t put his finger on why. He turned to rare and fine wine expert Maureen Downey, who, among other things, distinguishes truly fine wines from imposters.

Science, Space, Health, Environment, and Energy Policy

University of Virginia: High-Level Chinese Delegation Visits U.Va., Learns about Elite U.S. Public Schools
Jane Kelly
November 5, 2013

During a trip to Beijing in May 2012, University of Virginia President Teresa A. Sullivan met with China’s vice minister of education, Hao Ping, who expressed interest in having her talk with Chinese university presidents about elite schools in the United States. That interest became reality last week with the visit of a 16-member delegation that included a high-level official from the Ministry of Education.

Speaking through an interpreter Wednesday at the Colonnade Club, Sullivan told the group what it is like to lead an American public university in the 21st century. During her speech, she focused on why public schools are important, how they are changing and how U.S. leaders are working to sustain and improve them.

Sullivan also emphasized Thomas Jefferson’s founding vision of academic freedom. “This means that professors can disagree and criticize each other – and they do. They can criticize our national leaders – and they do. Professors can criticize me – and they do,” she said to polite laughter.

Science Education

Rutgers University: Finance Lab Providing Students with Real Market Insights for Fund Management
Friday, November 8, 2013

CAMDEN — With a few mouse clicks, financial news and information instantly pops up on Dan Farrell’s computer screen, where he can view real-time financial market data for companies around the globe.  It’s like peering through a window on Wall Street without ever leaving the Rutgers–Camden campus.

Farrell is among the first cohort of MBA students using the technology in the brand new Finance Lab and Center for Investment Management, an authentic trading room at the Rutgers School of Business–Camden that was dedicated in April and is being used by students for the first time this semester.

In “Advanced Financial Management,” a course being taught by John Broussard, an associate professor of finance at Rutgers–Camden, Farrell and his nine MBA classmates are working on a corporate valuation of a real-world firm of their choice.  Farrell has chosen to analyze Facebook.

University of Virginia: U.Va. Graduate Student Wins International ‘Three-Minute Thesis’ Competition
November 5, 2013

Lindsey Brinton, a graduate biomedical engineering student at the University of Virginia, won the People’s Choice Award in Universitas 21’s international Three-Minute Thesis Competition.

The event challenges students to communicate the significance of their research projects to a nonspecialist audience in just three minutes. Brinton’s presentation, explaining her research into new methods to detect pancreatic cancer before it is too late to save the patient, won the popular vote in October’s online balloting. She earned a $300 prize.

“As I worked on my three-minute thesis, I was surprised just how dependent on science jargon I had become,” said Brinton, who researches in the lab of Kim Kelly, associate professor of biomedical engineering. “This competition enabled me to break free of that and share my research with a broader audience. To have it be so well-received was awesome.”

Virginia Tech: New interdisciplinary graduate education program examines the effects of global change

BLACKSBURG, Va., Nov. 8, 2013 – Earth’s biodiversity is like a kaleidoscope made up of distinct plants and animals; however, with each year’s turn, unique and irreplaceable species disappear.

Habitat loss, invasive species, pollution, disease, and climate change are all to blame for the current rate of extinction, which is 1,000 times higher now than before human dominance, according to Bill Hopkins, associate professor of fish and wildlife conservation in the College of Natural Resources and Environment and Fralin Life Science Institute affiliate.

Interfaces of Global Change, a new interdisciplinary graduate education program funded by the Virginia Tech Graduate School, directed by Hopkins, and partially supported by the Fralin Life Science Institute, confronts the problem of Earth’s dwindling biodiversity with a dynamic team of faculty members and doctoral students with diverse perspectives and areas of expertise.

 

University of Massachusetts: School of Public Health Wins National ‘Promising Practice’ Award for Public Health Worker Training Plans
November 4, 2013

AMHERST, Mass. ­– At the American Public Health Association’s (APHA) annual meeting in Boston this week, the federal Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) will formally recognize public health educators from the University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Public Health and Health Sciences (SPHHS) for their ground-breaking survey of public health needs in western Massachusetts and their creative plans to meet those needs.

Professors Stuart Chipkin and Dan Gerber, with Dawn Heffernan, director of the Western Massachusetts Public Health Training Center (WMPHTC), and several other UMass Amherst colleagues, recently received the national “Promising Practice” award from HRSA for their new 10-week, 60-hour pilot training plan and curriculum, expected to meet the requirements for the voluntary state certification program for community health workers in 2014.

Heffernan and others on the training center team will give a presentation at the APHA meeting, which attracts more than 13,000 physicians, nurses and other public health professionals. She says WMPHTC plans to become a recognized training center for community health workers and has developed workshops and trainers to meet this goal. SPHHS Dean Marjorie Aelion observes, “It’s very exciting for our school and the training center to be among the elite schools of public health in the country and to be acknowledged for excellence in teaching, research and community outreach.”

New York University: Educational Video Games Can Boost Motivation to Learn, NYU, CUNY Study Shows
Nov 6, 2013

Math video games can enhance students’ motivation to learn, but it may depend on how students play, researchers at NYU and the City University of New York have found in a study of middle-schoolers.

While playing a math video game either competitively or collaboratively with another player—as compared to playing alone—students adopted a mastery mindset that is highly conducive to learning. Moreover, students’ interest and enjoyment in playing the math video game increased when they played with another student.

Their findings, which appear in the Journal of Educational Psychology, point to new ways in which computer, console, or mobile educational games may yield learning benefits.

Science Writing and Reporting

University of Cincinnati: Public Intellectual Lee Smolin to Visit UC for Discussions of Time
Physicist, philosopher and author Lee Smolin will discuss the nature of time and sign books at events on Nov. 14 and 15.  
By: Courtney Danser
Date: 11/6/2013 12:00:00 AM

What is time? Lee Smolin will present and discuss his take on this provocative scientific and philosophical question at the University of Cincinnati on Nov. 14 and 15.

Smolin is a founding and senior faculty member at Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics and a member of the graduate faculty of the philosophy department at the University of Toronto. His research has been primarily in the area of quantum theory of gravity, and he has authored four books exploring philosophical issues raised by contemporary physics and cosmology. In 2008, Smolin was included among the 100 most influential public intellectuals by Prospect and Foreign Policy magazines.

The McMicken College of Arts and Sciences departments of physics and philosophy will be hosting the events, co-sponsored with the Sigma Xi research society. The first event, titled “Time Reborn”  after Smolin’s most recent book, will be held at 4 p.m., Thursday, Nov. 14, in 525 Old Chem. It will be preceded by refreshments at 3:30 p.m. in the Geology/Physics Atrium. The second event, titled “Temporal Naturalism,” will be held at 3:30 p.m. Friday, Nov. 15,  in 53 McMicken Hall.

Science is Cool

Rutgers University: Mason Gross Professor Fuses Science and Art to Produce Probing Photographs
Gary Schneider encourages experimentation whether he's behind the lens or in front of a class
By Risa Barisch

At the intersection of science and art stands photographer Gary Schneider.

Like a scientist testing a hypothesis, he describes his particular field of work as “an attempt to problem-solve.” And sometimes he’s his own lab experiment.

Schneider’s Genetic Self-Portrait series, which he began in the late 1990s as a response to the Human Genome Project – a 13-year endeavor to unlock the secrets of human DNA – includes images of his hair, retinas and even his chromosomes. Working with scientists and doctors, Schneider created a catalog of forensic images using all manner of microscope technology. The resulting photographs, deeply personal and yet universal, are an exploration of Schneider’s identity.

“A scientist must always solve the problem,” says Schneider, an assistant professor of photography in the Mason Gross School’s Visual Arts Department. “But an artist need never arrive at a solution.”

Virginia Tech: TEDxVirginiaTech 2013 will highlight 16 speakers, technology expo at Moss Arts Center

BLACKSBURG, Va., Nov. 7, 2013 – Sixteen Virginia Tech faculty, students, and alumni, joined by members of the local community will take the stage this Saturday at the newly opened Moss Arts Center for the second annual TEDxVirginiaTech.

The Nov. 9 event follows in the tradition of national TED events, with speakers sharing inspiring and thought-provoking ideas worth spreading. Each talk will focus on this year’s theme of moving “Beyond Boundaries.”

The event will take place from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m.., and include several videos of previous TED speakers and a technology hall known as the TEDxVirginiaTech Lab that will feature more than a dozen student teams, university organizations, and local businesses.

Virginia Tech: America Recycles Day to be celebrated Nov. 15

BLACKSBURG, Va., Nov. 7, 2013 – On Friday, Nov. 15, Virginia Tech will celebrate America Recycles Day, a national campaign to raise awareness to schools, universities, and community groups on the importance of recycling.

Hosted on campus by the Office of Energy and Sustainability, the America Recycles Day celebration will take place from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. on the Squires Student Center Plaza between Squires and the Graduate Life Center at Donaldson Brown.

Participants can learn easy recycling tips and see recycling demonstrations. Food, games, and prizes are also part of the event.

Originally posted to Overnight News Digest on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 09:19 PM PST.

Also republished by SciTech and Astro Kos.

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  •  Tip Jar: Non-science research and outreach (28+ / 0-)

    Election stories

    Rutgers University: Christie’s Re-Election a Personal Victory Driven by Year of High Ratings Post-Sandy
    Friday, November 8, 2013

    NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. – As voters headed to the polls Tuesday, Gov. Chris Christie’s re-election bid was buoyed by some of his highest favorability ratings – 65 percent – since February 2013, according to the Rutgers-Eagleton Poll. Only 27 percent of registered voters held an unfavorable impression of the governor. Similarly, 68 percent approved of the incumbent’s job performance and 59 percent said his work deserved at least a “B” grade.

    Christie’s new ratings were nearly as high as they were right after Sandy, when 67 percent of respondents had a favorable impression and 61 percent awarded him at least a B. As he concludes his first term, Christie’s favorability rating is more than 20 points higher than it was just weeks after his inauguration in January 2010.

    Despite Christie’s overall consistently high ratings, voters continued to question his performance on important issues. Near the campaign’s end, voters remained less than happy with his performance on taxes (42 percent) and the economy (45 percent). Voters were more taken with Christie’s Sandy recovery effort (80 percent approving), which kept his overall ratings high throughout the year.

    “Governors and presidents regularly see downward trends in ratings over their term in office,” said David Redlawsk, director of the Rutgers-Eagleton Poll and professor of political science at Rutgers University. “Governor Christie, however, managed to counter that, to his benefit in the re-election campaign. The cause is clearly his leadership in response to Sandy, which overrode other concerns voters might have had. His victory Tuesday was highly personal, not driven by issues.”

    Rutgers University: Christie May Be Gaining ‘Coattails’ as Buono’s Base Abandons Her
    Governor holds better than 2-1 lead over challenger
    Monday, November 4, 2013

    NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. – In the final hours before New Jersey’s gubernatorial election, Gov. Chris Christie’s lead over state Sen. Barbara Buono has grown to 36 points among likely voters, up 10 points in the last month, according to a new Rutgers-Eagleton Poll. Christie’s 66 percent to 30 percent margin may also be helping Republican Assembly and Senate candidates, as voters prefer Democrats keep control of the Legislature by only seven points, down from 12 points in early September.

    Christie’s increasing home stretch lead reflects a lack of enthusiasm among Democrats for Buono, leading to decreased levels of attention to the race and a lower likelihood of voting. While 95 percent of Republicans support Christie, only 59 percent of Democrats plan to vote for Buono.

    “Over the past month, Christie’s campaign appears to have convinced more Democrats to abandon Buono,” said David Redlawsk, director of the Rutgers-Eagleton Poll and professor of political science at Rutgers University. “Whether Democrats are switching to Christie or just planning to stay home, the small gains Buono had made with her party base over previous months have been reversed. The risk is great for Democrats up and down the ballot if uninspired party faithful fail to turn out.”

    In a generic statewide ballot test, likely voters give Assembly Democrats just a six-point margin, 42 percent to 36 percent, nearly erasing what was a 17-point Democratic lead in early September. The state Senate vote is similar: 44 percent plan to vote for Democrats, while 38 percent will support the GOP. Overall, 47 percent of likely voters still want Democrats in control of the Legislature while 40 percent hope for a Republican takeover, down from 50 percent to 38 percent two months ago.

    Rutgers University: How Will Voters Settle Minimum Wage Debate?
    Rutgers' labor relations expert Janice Fine says approving the ballot question would send a strong message to Gov. Christie
    By Lisa Intrabartola
    Monday, November 4, 2013

    On Nov. 5, New Jersey voters will do more than elect a governor. They will have the final say in the state’s minimum-wage debate.

    The ballot question – approved by the state Assembly in February – asks voters whether they approve of amending the State Constitution to raise the state’s minimum wage from $7.25 to $8.25 per hour – with annual adjustments to reflect cost of living increases. If approved, it will mark the first time the state has raised the minimum wage through an amendment to the State Constitution.

    A Rutgers-Eagleton poll taken in September indicates that support for a minimum wage hike is wide and deep, with 76 percent of all registered voters backing the ballot question. More than half of Christie supporters favor the amendment despite the governor’s opposition.

    Veterans Day

    Rutgers University on YouTube: Veterans Transition to Civilian Life at Rutgers

    When you've handled life and death in war, an exam in the classroom doesn't seem like such a big deal. But some veterans say succeeding in classes and fitting in were their biggest concerns when they came to Rutgers as nontraditional students. "Everyone has said 'thank you' and that is a huge thing," one veteran said. "It goes miles with us vets."

    Rutgers University: Veterans Transition to Civilian Life at Rutgers
    Rutgers student Juan Hernandez was one of first U.S. forces to touch down for Benghazi evacuation
    Monday, November 11, 2013
    By Fredda Sacharow

    'The reality check of being in a third-world country was stark. Even the simple task of looking for clean water becomes an ordeal.' – Juan Hernandez

    November 28 will mark Juan Hernandez‘s first Thanksgiving home after three years of active military duty with the U.S. Air Force, and he can practically taste his Mexican-born mother’s signature chicken tamales.

    During his service abroad, the Rutgers student helped in the mission to bring American Foreign Service workers home from Benghazi after the deadly 2012 attack on their compound. He took part in humanitarian projects in Africa, dropping water bottles in Mali and Ethiopia to ensure residents had safe drinking water at hand. He trained forces in Ghana.

    Now Hernandez is anticipating a series of firsts in the coming months: first birthday home after lengthy postings in Spain, Germany and Africa; first Christmas and New Year’s out of the military; and even today, his first Veterans Day as a veteran.

    In his first semester at Rutgers’ School of Management and Labor Relations, where he’s majoring in both human resource management and labor studies, Hernandez says thoughts of home and family were never far from his mind throughout his years overseas.

    Rutgers University: Rutgers Graduate Serves Fellow Veterans as Case Manager for 'Soldier On'
    Tina Mikes works with nonprofit organization to keep veterans from becoming homeless
    Tuesday, November 5, 2013

    As Tina Mikes recalls, she had her “a-ha moment” in 2010, while working in Camden as a quality-assurance manager for the decennial U.S. census.

    As part of her responsibilities, the Rutgers–Camden graduate had to count the homeless population living in “tent city,” a homeless encampment located beside I-676 near the 5A exit. Arriving there late one evening, she was introduced to Lorenzo Banks, the camp’s self-appointed mayor, who agreed to assist her. Mikes asked for his identification card and, to her surprise, discovered that – just like her – he was a United States veteran. The two struck up conversation, and she informed him of the programs and services that are available for homeless veterans.

    “That incident stuck with me, and I wondered what happened to him after that,” recalls Mikes, who served as a communications specialist in the United States Army.

    Today, the Maple Shade resident can be heard offering similar words of support and encouragement as a case manager for Soldier On. The private, nonprofit organization aims to prevent veteran homelessness by providing case management, referral services, and temporary financial assistance for housing, to veterans and their family members in need. “We can help prevent veterans from becoming homeless, if they’ve fallen behind on their rent or they can’t pay their bills,” explains Mikes, who graduated magna cum laude from Rutgers–Camden in May with a bachelor’s degree in social work.

    Rutgers University: Higher Ed through a Veteran Perspective to be Explored during Rutgers Law–Camden Symposium Nov. 13
    Monday, November 4, 2013

    CAMDEN —Issues confronting an active military and veteran population when entering higher education, including providing in-state tuition to all veterans regardless of where they legally reside, will be addressed during a symposium on veterans and higher education at Rutgers Law–Camden.
    ...
    According to Alison Nissen, who is researching veteran students’ academic strategies for success in law school, Rutgers Law–Camden strives to acknowledge the diversity and various perspectives of this growing population. “Most policies and research on veterans and higher education has focused on the undergraduate level. There is a unique law school culture that is very different in some distinct ways than military culture. Providing an informal mentorship program and community is helping our students adjust quicker.”

    First-year law student May Wedlund, a U.S. Naval Academy graduate, said the events offered for veteran students at Rutgers made her feel welcome. “When every aspect of law school was new (the people, location, and subject matter), having the opportunity to talk about our experiences with others that share a common ground was very comforting,” notes the Rutgers Law–Camden student who returned from deployment in Afghanistan this past summer. “I hope this community will continue to grow in future years. I know that I would like to offer the same support to future students that I have been given.”

    University of Virginia: U.Va. ROTC Units to Honor Veterans, POWs and MIAs on Veterans Day
    Matt Kelly
    November 7, 2013

    ROTC detachments at the University of Virginia will hold a unique joint ceremony to mark the POW/MIA Vigil and Veterans Day.

    The annual vigil will start on Monday at 3 p.m. on the North Steps of the Rotunda. ROTC participants from the Army, Air Force and Navy units will march back and forth in 15-minute shifts for 24 hours.

    The vigil will culminate Tuesday at 3:30 p.m. with a Veterans’ Day Ceremony. Cadets and midshipmen from the three service units will sing the national anthem and a color guard, led by Air Force Cadet John Newell, will march the colors onto the Rotunda’s north plaza.

    Virginia Tech: Rifle salute, cannon fire to be part of Veterans Day celebrations
    From: Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets
    Nov 7, 2013

    At 10:30 a.m. Monday, Nov. 11, the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets will hold a Veterans Day remembrance ceremony in War Memorial Chapel, 601 Drillfield Drive, to recognize all veterans and to honor the service Virginia Tech men and women have given our nation.

    At the conclusion of the ceremony at approximately 11 a.m., a wreath will be placed in front of the cenotaph on Memorial Court. The Gregory Guard, the Corps of Cadets precision rifle drill team, will fire a rifle salute; the Color Guard will present the colors; and Taps will be played.

    At 4:45 p.m., the Corps of Cadets will hold a formal retreat ceremony at the flag pole on Upper Quad. The regiment will be formed up in front of Lane Hall, 280 Alumni Mall. The Color Guard will lower the flag; Skipper, the Corps of Cadets cannon, will fire; and the Highty-Tighties, the regimental band, will play.

    University of Massachusetts: Veterans Day Observances on Campus
    November 6, 2013

    AMHERST, Mass.– Army and Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) cadets at the University of Massachusetts Amherst will hold a Veterans Day vigil on Friday, Nov. 8 on the east side of Memorial Hall beginning at 4 p.m.

    All UMass Amherst students who are veterans are invited, along with their families and military faculty and staff, to the fourth annual free “Warrior Breakfast” in Memorial Hall from 9-11 a.m.

    Wayne State University: Veterans Day Tip Sheet
    November 6, 2013

    Wayne State University is saluting veterans and active duty military personnel throughout the month of November. Several schools, colleges and departments are hosting events in honor of those who have served the country. Additionally, experts are available to discuss research and initiatives that focus on veterans.
    ...
    Office of Military and Veterans Academic Excellence helps veterans achieve academic success
    Through Wayne State’s Office of Military and Veterans Academic Excellence, more than 600 military veteran students receive academic advising, tutoring, mentoring and assistance completing the paperwork required to access federal veteran education benefits. Patrick Hannah, Student Veteran Resource Center manager, WSU alum and Marine Corps veteran, was instrumental in creating the center and Wayne State’s Student Veterans Organization. Hannah says the center, which averages daily visits by 30 to 60 students, was designed to provide a “friendly environment that helps veterans making the transition from uniform to student.”

    Wayne State University’s School of Social Work recruits veterans for DOD-funded study on post-deployment counseling
    Wayne State University’s School of Social Work is working with veterans of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom to develop ways to keep veterans engaged in mental health counseling for post-deployment stress. The novel study, "Using motivational enhancement therapy among OIF/OEF veterans returning to the community," is funded by the Detroit-Wayne County Community Mental Health Agency through a grant from the United States Department of Defense. The project will employ motivational enhancement intervention and peer support to move veterans through five “stages of change” intended to enhance their readiness to undergo treatment. Shirley Thomas, assistant professor of social work and the study’s co-director, said the results could lead to improved services for returning soldiers.

    University of Cincinnati: UC Salute to Veterans 2013

    On Nov. 8, the UC community celebrated the upcoming (Nov. 11) Veterans Day holiday with a moving tribute to our veterans. UC's student veteran population currently stands at about 1,500, part of a national trend that sees more veterans returning from service to enroll in the college classroom.

    University of Cincinnati: Focus on Veterans With David Norton, MD
    11/07/13

    David Norton, MD, assistant professor in the division of pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine, is also director of the medical intensive care unit at UC Medical Center. He received his medical degree from the University of Virginia in 1997, and completed his residency in internal medicine at the David Grant United States Air Force Medical Center in 2000 as well as a fellowship in pulmonary and critical care medicine from the Naval Medical Center, San Diego, in 2003.

    Norton came to Cincinnati in 2009 as part of an Air Force training program known as C-STARS or Center for Sustainment of Trauma and Readiness Skills. In 2011, he separated from the Air Force and joined UC as a faculty member. Norton is a former lieutenant colonel in the Air Force.

    As a former Air Force lieutenant colonel you have a special tie to our men and women in American service. What does Veterans Day mean to you?

    "I think it’s a time for me to reflect on those who have served in the military and those who are still serving, particularly those who are currently away from home. They are honoring America’s commitments abroad through great sacrifice. I spend a lot of time thinking about them, not just on Veterans Day.

    "If you have deployed before in a war zone, every day is Veterans Day. The experiences you have had, the things you have seen, and the people you have met, in my case the people I was honored enough to take care of, you think of them every day. You think of them on Veterans Day, but you think of them every day. Not a day goes by you don’t think about those experiences. You are never removed from them.”

    Other research and outreach

    University of Massachusetts: An Inspiring Du Bois Exhibit

    At the University Museum of Contemporary Art until Dec. 8, this exhibit features 10 artists inspired by the UMass Amherst archive on W.E.B. Du Bois. Fifty years after his death, the show is a fitting tribute to the renowned civil rights leader.

    Rutgers University: Poi Dancing Reduces Stress and Improves Focus

    How do you relax? Rutgers students are using poi dancing, also commonly known as poi spinning, to help take the edge off the stresses of college life, while also improving focus and coordination. The real show starts when the lights are turned off and the spinning balls turn into ribbons of light. Take a look.

    Boston University: Students Learn Aerial Dancing

    Students at Boston University learn the relatively new art of aerial dancing.

    Wayne State University: October Southeast Michigan Purchasing Managers Index shows sharp upswing to 63.1, signaling continued growth in economy
    November 6, 2013

    DETROIT— The Southeast Michigan Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) for Oct. is 63.1, up from 59.9 in Sept., raising the three-month average for the economy to a robust 61.1.  A PMI value above 50 generally suggests economic growth.

    “Over the last fourteen months, the PMI has come in at 50 or above 13 times,” said Timothy Butler, associate professor of supply chain management at Wayne State’s School of Business Administration, who interpreted this month’s results.   “October’s numbers confirm that the Southeastern Michigan economy continues to strengthen,” Butler said.

    Just over 75% of respondents report their expectations are for the economy to remain the same or become more stable, though several respondents reported upcoming programs may require closure for tooling and the short term government shutdown caused many CEOs to put things on temporary hold.

    Prices for copper, plated steel, travel (air fare and related services), glue and corrugated materials were up in October.  Down in price were resin and petroleum.

    Rutgers University: Looking at ‘The Boss’ Through a Spiritual Lens
    Rutgers seminar explores the biblical foundations of Springsteen lyrics
    Thursday, November 7, 2013

    Bruce Springsteen, theologian?

    The pop icon lovingly known as The Boss is best known for writing about women, sports, cars and factory whistles. Now a Rutgers professor is leading a Byrne Seminar exploring the theological underpinnings of Springsteen’s lyrics, and the song writer’s reinterpretation of biblical stories.

    Azzan Yadin-Israel, an associate professor of Jewish studies and classics, usually teaches courses in early rabbinic literature, the Dead Sea Scrolls, Jewish mysticism and Plato. The one-semester course on Springsteen gives him a welcome opportunity to branch out a bit, he says, and to share the appreciation for the singer-songwriter he’s had since middle school.

    University of Virginia: U.Va. Law Professor Douglas Laycock to Argue Prayer Case Before Supreme Court
    November 4, 2013

    University of Virginia law professor Douglas Laycock will argue Town of Greece v. Galloway on Wednesday before the U.S. Supreme Court, a case that may clarify the legal limits on public prayer in government meetings across the country.

    Laycock, one of the nation’s leading authorities on the law of religious liberty, will argue that an upstate New York town’s practice of opening its town board meetings with a sectarian prayer runs afoul of the First Amendment’s prohibition against establishment of religion.

    “We are not asking the court to say that local government meetings cannot have a prayer,” Laycock said. “This is a case about what kind of prayer they can have and how it is presented.”

    Farewell, Rutgers, BU, NYU, Columbia, UVA, VT!  It's been fun covering your research and outreach!

    Science Saturday is open for business fun!

    "The party of ideas has become the party of Beavis and Butthead." ~ Paul Krugman.

    by Neon Vincent on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 09:19:37 PM PST

  •  Fruit fly evolves to have ants on its wings... (17+ / 0-)

    Details at the NY Times.

  •  GOCE satellite tracking site. (14+ / 0-)

    "Go well through life"-Me (As far as I know)
    This message will self-destruct upon arrival in the NSA archives in Utah.

    by MTmofo on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 09:25:24 PM PST

  •  Leishmaniasis Scares Me (12+ / 0-)

    Sometimes I think that, for me personally, it might be the worst thing ever - Room 101, as it were.

    Great to see that the folks at BU are stepping up to do something about it.

  •  wow Neon Vincent ... (14+ / 0-)

    your OND has given much to read. Thank you.

    Your first comment has much to read as well.

    I hope annetteboardman has a good night off.

    The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it.― Neil deGrasse Tyson

    by maggiejean on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 09:39:41 PM PST

  •  excuse if repeat to thread - bio patch (9+ / 0-)

    The ACA is very much going forward despite “at least one senator from Texas” who tried to kill it by shutting down the government. ~ Pres. Obama

    by anyname on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 09:43:44 PM PST

  •  Neon Vincent (12+ / 0-)

    Thanks for another science heavy diary ...again.
    Two items; if there are already 10,000 fatalities due to the storm, & reported so soon, I imagine the death toll will go way beyond that, no.

    I shall be observing my fish more closely & looking at their fin movements.
    This image I took last night. It`s not that I don`t observe them but I`ll be looking for certain things in particular after reading your posted article

    Yellow Tang

    YELLOW TANG DSCN9905

    I`m already against the next war.

    by Knucklehead on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 09:44:38 PM PST

  •  So much science, thanks. I always come away from (9+ / 0-)

    a science post this extensive with a keener sense of observation about just anything.  Observing the world I live in  is a vast opportunity to learn.  Fish fins will now be waiting to be focused on the next time I see one of them swimming and how their fins are moving.  It is just the shear wonder of the world that presents itself to the careful observer that I find so compelling.

  •  actually the other way around (8+ / 0-)

    it's not arrival at solutions as it is pushing the speculative boundaries of problems; the solutions provided by scientists often never fit the problems posed by artists who often are the same person as those scientists

    “A scientist must always solve the problem,” says Schneider, an assistant professor of photography in the Mason Gross School’s Visual Arts Department. “But an artist need never arrive at a solution.”

    Warning - some snark may be above‽ (-9.50; -7.03)‽ eState4Column5©2013 "I’m not the strapping young Muslim socialist that I used to be" - Barack Obama 04/27/2013

    by annieli on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 10:03:22 PM PST

  •  u oughta have @ 17 PhD's by now/vince, thx. (8+ / 0-)

    it tebble, it hobble; honey lu been shot. - harvey kurtzman

    by renzo capetti on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 10:09:16 PM PST

  •  so on and so forth (4+ / 0-)

    http://www.truth-out.org/...

    http://www.amazon.com/...

    Christ's Ventriloquists: the event that created Christianity by Eric Zuesse

    The ACA is very much going forward despite “at least one senator from Texas” who tried to kill it by shutting down the government. ~ Pres. Obama

    by anyname on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 10:22:24 PM PST

  •  U.S. Code, Title 50, Chapter 32, Section 1520a (3+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    JML9999, ericlewis0, Neon Vincent
    NOTE:  Through U.S. Code, Title 50, Chapter 32, Section 1520a (below), it is "LEGAL" for the government to test chemical, biological, and radiological elements on humans under the "exception clause."  The military can test any of the above mentioned also as long as it is for research or law enforcement for law enforcement purposes, NON-CONSENSUALLY!
    DOD Regulation 5240.1.R - Procedures governing the activities of DOD intelligence components that affect United States persons, December 1982

    Foreword

         This DOD regulation sets forth procedures governing the activities of DOD intelligence components that affect United States persons. It implements DoD Directive 5240.1, and replaces the November 30, 1979 version of DoD Regulation 5240.1-R. It is applicable to all DoD intelligence components.
         Executive Order 12333, "United States intelligence activities" stipulates that certain activities of intelligence components that affect U.S. persons by governed by procedures issued by the agency head and approved by the attorney general. Specifically, procedures 1 through 10, as well as appendix A, herein, requiring approval by the attorney general, contain further guidance to DoD components in implementing Executive Order 12333 as well as Executive Order 12334, "President's Intelligence Oversight Board."
         Accordingly, by this memorandum, these procedures are approved for use within the Department of Defense. Heads of DoD components shall issue such implementing instructions as may be necessary for the conduct of authorized functions in a manner consistent with the procedures set forth herein.
         This regulation is effective immediately.

    PROCEDURE 1    General Provisions
    PROCEDURE 2    Collection of Information about United States Persons
    PROCEDURE 3    Retention of Information about United States Persons
    PROCEDURE 4    Dissemination of Information about United States Persons
    PROCEDURE 5    Electronic Surveillance in the United States for Intelligence Purposes
    PROCEDURE 6    Concealed Monitoring
    PROCEDURE 7    Physical Searches
    PROCEDURE 8    Searches and Examination of Mail
    PROCEDURE 9    Physical Surveillance
    PROCEDURE 10    Undisclosed Participation in Organizations
    PROCEDURE 11    Contracting for Goods and Services
    PROCEDURE 12    Provision of Assistance to Law Enforcement Authorities
    PROCEDURE 13    Experimentation on Human Subjects for Intelligence Purposes
    PROCEDURE 14    Employee Conduct
    PROCEDURE 15
    AND APPENDIX A    Identifying, Investigating, and Reporting Questionable Activities

     Signal Intelligence Collection

    Signals intelligence collection of targets within the United States is governed by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA.) The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 ("FISA" Pub.L. 95-511, 92 Stat. 1783, enacted October 25, 1978, 50 U.S.C. ch.36, S. 1566) is an Act of Congress which prescribes procedures for the physical and electronic surveillance and collection of "foreign intelligence information" between "foreign powers" and "agents of foreign powers" (which may include American citizens and permanent residents suspected of being engaged in espionage and violating U.S. law on territory under United States control) and domestically the Electronic Communication Privacy Act (ECPA.)

    The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA Pub. L. 99-508, Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1848, 18 U.S.C. § 2510)[2] was enacted by the United States Congress to extend government restrictions on wire taps from telephone calls to include transmissions of electronic data by computer. Specifically, ECPA was an amendment to Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (the Wiretap Statute), which was primarily designed to prevent unauthorized government access to private electronic communications.

    The ECPA also added new provisions prohibiting access to stored electronic communications, i.e., the Stored Communications Act,18 U.S.C. §§ 2701-12. The ECPA also included so-called pen/trap provisions that permit the tracing of telephone communications. §§ 3121-27. Later, the ECPA was amended, and weakened to some extent, by some provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. In addition, Section 2709 of the Act, which allowed the FBI to issue National Security Letters (NSLs) to Internet service providers (ISPs) ordering them to disclose records about their customers, was ruled unconstitutional under the First (and possibly Fourth) Amendments in ACLU v. Ashcroft (2004). It is thought that this could be applied to other uses of National Security Letters.

    Executive Order 12333

    E.O. 12333  augments statutory intelligence authority for the Secretary of Defense as well as relevant offices and agencies within the Department. The functions of the NRO are described in paragraph 1.7(e), and include the production and dissemination of geospatial intelligence information and data “for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes to support national and departmental missions,” as well as the provision of “geospatial intelligence support for national and departmental requirements and for the conduct of military operations.” Assistance to law enforcement agencies is covered in paragraph 2.6 of E.O. 12333, which authorizes agencies within the Intelligence Community to participate in law enforcement activities to investigate or prevent clandestine intelligence activities, international terrorist activities, or narcotics trafficking activities. The order also permits the intelligence elements to provide specialized equipment, technical knowledge, or assistance of expert personnel for use by any department or agency, or, when lives are endangered, to support local law enforcement agencies.

    E.O. 12333 requires agencies within the Intelligence Community to use “the least intrusive collection techniques feasible within the United States or directed against United States persons abroad.”   Monitoring devices may be used only “in accordance with procedures established by the head of the agency concerned and approved by the Attorney General.  Such procedures shall protect constitutional and other legal rights and limit use of such information to lawful governmental purposes.”  The Attorney General is delegated the authority to approve the use, within the United States or against a United States person abroad, of “any technique for which a warrant would be required if undertaken for law enforcement purposes, provided that such techniques shall not be undertaken unless the Attorney General has determined in each case that there is probable cause to believe that the technique is directed against a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power.”

    *Inside the United States (as well as abroad), DOD support for law enforcement agencies is authorized in accordance with chapter 18 of title 10, U.S. Code. The legislation contains both explicit grants of authority :and restrictions on the use of that authority for DOD assistance to law enforcement agencies—federal, state, and local—particularly in the form of information and equipment.   Section 371 specifically authorizes the Secretary of Defense to share information acquired during military operations, and encourages the armed forces to plan their activities with an eye to the production of incidental civilian benefits.  Under sections 372 through 374, DOD equipment and facilities, including intelligence collection assets, may be made available to civilian authorities.

    *For complete information, see full report, by Congressional Research Service (CRS) at the website, Satellite Surveillance:  Domestic Issues, dated February 2010.  

    THE PATRIOT ACT

    Commonly known as the "Patriot Act") is an Act of the U.S. Congress that was signed into law by President George W. Bush on October 26, 2001. The title of the Act is a contrived three letter initialism (USA) preceding a seven letter acronym (PATRIOT), which in combination stand for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001.  The Act dramatically reduced restrictions on law enforcement agencies' ability to search telephone, e-mail communications, medical, financial, and other records; eased restrictions on foreign intelligence gathering within the United States; expanded the Secretary of the Treasury’s authority to regulate financial transactions, particularly those involving foreign individuals and entities; and broadened the discretion of law enforcement and immigration authorities in detaining and deporting immigrants suspected of terrorism-related acts. The act also expanded the definition of terrorism to include domestic terrorism, thus enlarging the number of activities to which the USA PATRIOT Act’s expanded law enforcement powers can be applied.

    Just before the midnight deadline on May 26, 2011, President Barack Obama signed a 4-year extension of three key provisions in the USA Patriot Act: roving wiretaps, searches of business records (the "library records provision"), and conducting surveillance of "lone wolves" — individuals suspected of terrorist-related activities not linked to terrorist groups.

    Details

    The Act was passed in the House by 357 to 66 (of 435) and in the Senate by 98 to 1 and was supported by members of both the Republican and Democratic parties.

    Opponents of the law have criticized its authorization of indefinite detentions of immigrants; searches through which law enforcement officers search a home or business without the owner’s or the occupant’s permission or knowledge; the expanded use of National Security Letters, which allows the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to search telephone, e-mail, and financial records without a court order, and the expanded access of law enforcement agencies to business records, including library and financial records. Since its passage, several legal challenges have been brought against the act, and Federal courts have ruled that a number of provisions are unconstitutional…..

    Electronic Surveillance by definition, Title 50, Chapter 36, Subchapter 1, § 1801 excerpt defining Electronic surveillance by law:

    (f) “Electronic surveillance” means—

    the acquisition by an electronic, mechanical, or other surveillance device of the contents of any wire or radio communication sent by or intended to be received by a particular, known United States person who is in the United States, if the contents are acquired by intentionally targeting that United States person, under circumstances in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy and a warrant would be required for law enforcement purposes:

    the acquisition by an electronic, mechanical, or other surveillance device of the contents of any wire communication to or from a person in the United States, without the consent of any party thereto, if such acquisition occurs in the United States, but does not include the acquisition of those communications of computer trespassers that would be permissible under section 2511(2)(i) of title 18;

    the intentional acquisition by an electronic, mechanical, or other surveillance device of the contents of any radio communication, under circumstances in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy and a warrant would be required for law enforcement purposes, and if both the sender and all intended recipients are located within the United States; or,

    the installation or use of an electronic, mechanical, or other surveillance device in the United States for monitoring to acquire information, other than from a wire or radio communication, under circumstances in which a person has a reasonable expectation of privacy and a warrant would be required for law enforcement purposes.

    Title 50, Chapter 36, Subchapter I, § 1802

    § 1802. Electronic surveillance authorization without court order; certification by Attorney General; reports to Congressional committees; transmittal under seal; duties and compensation of communication common carrier; applications; jurisdiction of court.

    Note:  A tactic which goes hand in hand with Electronic Surveillance involves a community effort of using neighbors, employers, business owners, employers and employees to include even family members and friends in what is called Gang stalking or Organized Stalking or Covert Harassment Groups.  In most cases law enforcement provides disinformation about a “Target” to enlist community's support.  The “Targeted Individual's” (TIs) life then becomes literally a living hell as strangers appear to have resentments, taunt, threaten or ridicule the target or even show hate for a target which is often unexplainable to the person being targeted.  The residences of neighbors are used or neighbors in adjoining apartments or buildings are provided with an array of portable technology, under the guise of Neighborhood Watch or Community Policing programs who assist in electronic surveillance efforts spearheaded and overseen in real time situational awareness from the Operation/Fusion center.  Advanced technology such as biometric computers surveillance software and smaller versions of real time, energy weapon disseminating hand held microwave technology energy weapons and technology allow complete infrared through the wall observance and targeting around the clock.  Today, Constitutional, Civil and Human Rights violations are happening although it is illegal according to the Title below:

    Title 18 Part I Chapter 119 2511

    "Interception and disclosure of wire, oral, or electronic communications prohibited an offense under this subsection that consists of or relates to the interception of a satellite transmission that is not encrypted or scrambled and that is transmitted:

    (1) Except as otherwise specifically provided in this chapter any person who:

    (a) intentionally intercepts, endeavors to intercept, or procures any other person to intercept or endeavor to intercept, any wire, oral, or electronic communication;

    (b) intentionally uses, endeavors to use, or procures any other person to use or endeavor to use any electronic, mechanical, or other device to intercept any oral communication when

    (i) such device is affixed to, or otherwise transmits a signal through, a wire, cable, or other like connection used in wire communication (i) intentionally discloses, or endeavors to disclose, to any other person the contents of any wire, oral, or electronic communication, intercepted by means authorized by sections 2511 (2)(a)(ii), 2511 (2)(b)–(c), 2511(2)(e), 2516, and 2518 of this chapter, shall be punished as provided in subsection (4) or shall be subject to suit as provided in subsection (5). (4) (a) except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection or in subsection (5), whoever violates subsection (1) of this section shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both. As you can see this is the penalty for such offends.

    TITLE 50--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE

    CHAPTER 32--CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WARFARE PROGRAM

    Sec. 1520a. Restrictions on use of human subjects for testing of chemical or biological agents

    (a) Prohibited activities

    The Secretary of Defense may not conduct (directly or by contract)

            (1) any test or experiment involving the use of a chemical agent or biological agent on a civilian population; or

            (2) any other testing of a chemical agent or biological agent on human subjects.

    (b) Exceptions

    Subject to subsections (c), (d), and (e) of this section, the prohibition in subsection (a) of this section does not apply to a test or experiment carried out for any of the following purposes:

            (1) Any peaceful purpose that is related to a medical, therapeutic, pharmaceutical, agricultural, industrial, or research activity.

            (2) Any purpose that is directly related to protection against toxic chemicals or biological weapons and agents.

            (3) Any law enforcement purpose, including any purpose related to riot control.

    (c) Informed consent required

    The Secretary of Defense may conduct a test or experiment described in subsection.

    (b) of this section only if informed consent to the testing was obtained from each human subject in advance of the testing on that subject.

    (d) Prior notice to Congress

    Not later than 30 days after the date of final approval within the Department of Defense of plans for any experiment or study to be conducted by the Department of Defense (whether directly or under contract) involving the use of human subjects for the testing of a chemical agent or a biological agent, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report Setting, forth a full accounting of those plans, and the experiment or study may then be conducted only after the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date such report is received by those committees.

    (e) ``Biological agent'' defined

    In this section, the term ``biological agent'' means any micro-organism (including bacteria, viruses, fungi, rickettsia, or protozoa), pathogen, or infectious substance, and any naturally occurring, bioengineered, or synthesized component of any such micro-organism, pathogen, or infectious substance, whatever its origin or method of production, that is capable of causing:

            (1) death, disease, or other biological malfunction in a human, an animal, a plant, or another living organism;

            (2) deterioration of food, water, equipment, supplies, or materials of any kind; or

            (3) deleterious alteration of the environment.

    (Public Law 105-85, Div. A, title X, Sec. 1078, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1915; Public. Law 106-65, div. A, title X, Sec. 1067(4), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 774.)

    Codification

    Section is comprised of section 1078 of Pub. L. 105-85. Subsec. (f) of section 1078 of Pub. L. 105-85 amended section 1523

    (b) of this title. Subsec.

    (g) of section 1078 of Pub. L. 105-85 repealed section 1520 of this title.

    Section was enacted as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998, and not as part of Pub. L. 91-121, title IV, Sec. 409, Nov. 19, 1969, 83 Stat. 209, which comprises this chapter.

     Amendments

    1999--Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-65 substituted ``and the Committee on Armed Services'' for ``and the Committee on National Security''.

    In October 2000, a congressman introduced in the House of Representatives a bill concerning these weapons.  In this bill, the definition of a weapons system included:

    "any other unacknowledged or as yet undeveloped means inflicting death or injury on, or damaging or destroying, a person (or the biological life, bodily health, mental health, or physical and economic well-being of a person)…through the use of land-based, sea-based, or space-based systems using radiation, electromagnetic, psychotronic, sonic, laser, or other energies directed at individual persons or targeted populations for the purpose of information war, mood management, or mind control of such persons or population. As in all legislative acts quoted in this article, the bill pertains to sound, light, or electromagnetic stimulation of the human brain."
     

    Currently two states have laws surrounding these technologies:

    1. Michigan

    Public act 257 of 2003 makes it a felony for a person to “manufacture, deliver, possess, transport, place, use, or release a harmful electronic or electromagnetic device for an unlawful purpose.” Also made into a felony is the act of causing “an individual to falsely believe that the individual has been exposed to a... harmful electronic or electromagnetic device.”

    2. Maine

    Public law 264, H.P. 868–L.D. 1271 criminalizes the knowing, intentional, and/or reckless use of an electronic weapon on another person, defining an electronic weapon as a portable device or weapon emitting an electrical current, impulse, beam, or wave with disabling effects on a human being.

    The ACA is very much going forward despite “at least one senator from Texas” who tried to kill it by shutting down the government. ~ Pres. Obama

    by anyname on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 10:34:27 PM PST

    •  current law 1997 (3+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      JML9999, ericlewis0, Neon Vincent

      current law:

      http://www.gpo.gov/...

      SEC. 1078. RESTRICTIONS <> ON THE USE OF HUMAN SUBJECTS FOR TESTING OF CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL AGENTS.

      (a) Prohibited Activities.--The Secretary of Defense may not conduct
      (directly or by contract)--
      (1) any test or experiment involving the use of a chemical
      agent or biological agent on a civilian population; or
      (2) any other testing of a chemical agent or biological
      agent on human subjects.

      (b) Exceptions.--Subject to subsections (c), (d), and (e), the
      prohibition in subsection (a) does not apply to a test or experiment
      carried out for any of the following purposes:
      (1) Any peaceful purpose that is related to a medical,
      therapeutic, pharmaceutical, agricultural, industrial, or
      research activity.
      (2) Any purpose that is directly related to protection
      against toxic chemicals or biological weapons and agents.
      (3) Any law enforcement purpose, including any purpose
      related to riot control.

      (c) Informed Consent Required.--The Secretary of Defense may conduct a test or experiment described in subsection (b) only if informed consent to the testing was obtained from each human subject in advance of the testing on that subject.

      (d) Prior Notice to <> Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the date of final approval within the Department of Defense of plans for any experiment or study to be conducted by the Department of Defense (whether directly or under contract) involving the use of
      human subjects for the testing of a chemical agent or a biological agent, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on National Security of the House of Representatives a report setting forth a full accounting of
      those plans, and the experiment or study may then be conducted only after the end of the 30-day period beginning on the date such report is received by those committees.

      (e) Biological Agent Defined.--In this section, the term
      ``biological agent'' means any micro-organism (including bacteria, viruses, fungi, rickettsiac, or protozoa), pathogen, or infectious substance, and any naturally occurring, bioengineered, or synthesized component of any such micro-organism, pathogen, or infectious substance,
      whatever its origin or method of production, that is capable of causing--

      (1) death, disease, or other biological malfunction in a
      human, an animal, a plant, or another living organism;
      (2) deterioration of food, water, equipment, supplies, or
      materials of any kind; or
      (3) deleterious alteration of the environment.

      (f) Report and Certification.--Section 1703(b) of the National
      Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (50 U.S.C. 1523(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

      [[Page 111 STAT. 1916]]

      ``(9) A description of any program involving the testing of
      biological or chemical agents on human subjects that was carried out by the Department of Defense during the period covered by the report, together with--
      ``(A) a detailed justification for the testing;
      ``(B) a detailed explanation of the purposes of the
      testing;
      ``(C) a description of each chemical or biological
      agent tested; and
      ``(D) the Secretary's certification that informed
      consent to the testing was obtained from each human
      subject in advance of the testing on that subject.''.

      (g) Repeal of Superseded Provision of Law.--Section 808 of the Department of Defense Appropriation Authorization Act, 1978 (50 U.S.C.
      1520), is repealed.
      Mick West, Jan 25, 2013 #4

      Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997.

      --

      http://en.wikipedia.org/...

      Chemical Weapons Convention

      The ACA is very much going forward despite “at least one senator from Texas” who tried to kill it by shutting down the government. ~ Pres. Obama

      by anyname on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 11:00:43 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

    •  Title 50 United States Code (2+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      ericlewis0, Neon Vincent

      The ACA is very much going forward despite “at least one senator from Texas” who tried to kill it by shutting down the government. ~ Pres. Obama

      by anyname on Sat Nov 09, 2013 at 11:10:59 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

    •  Executive Order 12333 - Reagan (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      Neon Vincent

      http://en.wikipedia.org/...

      On December 4, 1981 President Ronald Reagan signed Executive Order 12333, an Executive Order intended to extend powers and responsibilities of US intelligence agencies and direct the leaders of U.S. federal agencies to co-operate fully with CIA requests for information.

      This executive order was entitled United States Intelligence Activities.

      It was amended by Executive Order 13355: Strengthened Management of the Intelligence Community, on August 27, 2004. On July 30, 2008, President Bush issued Executive Order 13470 amending Executive Order 12333 to strengthen the role of the DNI.

      The ACA is very much going forward despite “at least one senator from Texas” who tried to kill it by shutting down the government. ~ Pres. Obama

      by anyname on Sun Nov 10, 2013 at 12:58:09 AM PST

      [ Parent ]

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