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On This Day

In 1245, Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland, was granted resignation after confessing to torture and forgery. But they can't do the same in the present day for child molesters?

In 1848, former President John Quincy Adams suffered a stroke on the floor of the House of Representatives in Washington, D.C. (He died two days later.)

In 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published The Communist Manifesto.

In 1874, the Oakland Daily Tribune published its first edition.

In 1878, the first telephone directory was issued, by the District Telephone Co. of New Haven, Conn.

In 1885, the newly completed Washington Monument was dedicated.

In 1925, The New Yorker magazine made its debut.

In 1947, Edwin H. Land publicly demonstrated his Polaroid Land camera, which could produce a black-and-white photograph in 60 seconds.

In 1948, NASCAR was incorporated.

In 1965, former Black Muslim leader Malcolm X was shot and killed by assassins identified as Black Muslims as he was about to address a rally in New York City; he was 39.

In 1972, President Richard M. Nixon began his historic visit to China.

In 1975, Former Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman were sentenced to 2 1/2 to 8 years in prison for their roles in the Watergate cover-up.

Born on This Day

1575 - Maarten Pepyn, Flemish painter (d. 1642)

1621 - Rebecca Nurse, English colonist executed during Salem witch trials (d. 1692)

1630 - Cornelis Droogsloot, Dutch painter (d. 1673)

1686 - Frans Xaver Hendrik Verbeeck, Flemish painter (d. 1755)

1728 - Tsar Peter III of Russia, husband of Catherine the Great (d. 1762)

1815 - Ernest Meissonier, French painter and sculptor (d. 1891)

 photo ErnestMeissonier-1.jpg

1830 - Henry Wallis, English Pre-Raphaelite painter (d. 1916)

1865 - Grace Carpenter Hudson, U.S. painter who specialized in portraits of Native Americans (d. 1937)

1876 - Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)

 photo PyotrKonchalovsky.jpg

1882 - Jean-Théodore Jean Dupas, French Art Deco painter and designer (d. 1964)

 photo Jean-The3010odoreJeanDupas.jpg

1885 - Sacha Guitry, Russian dramatist (d. 1957)

1893 - Celia Lovsky, Russian-born actress (d. 1979)

1893 - Andrés Segovia, Spanish guitarist (d. 1987)

1900 - Madeleine Renaud, French theater actress (d. 1994)

1903 - Anaïs Nin, French diarist (d. 1977) See Tipple Jar

1903 - Scrapper Blackwell, American blues guitarist and singer (d. 1962)

1909 - Hans Erni, Swiss painter

1915 - Ann Sheridan, American actress (d. 1967)

 photo AnnSheridan-1.jpg

1917 - Lucille Bremer, American actress (d. 1996)

1924 - Robert Mugabe, dictator of Zimbabwe 1987-present

1927 - Erma Bombeck, American humorist (d. 1996)

1927 - Hubert de Givenchy, French fashion designer

1933 - Nina Simone, American singer (d. 2003)

1936 - Barbara Jordan, American politician (d. 1996)

1940 - John Lewis, American politician and civil rights activist

1943 - David Geffen, American record producer

1945 - Paul Newton, British musician (Uriah Heep)

1946 - Alan Rickman, English actor

1947 - Olympia Snowe, American politician

1949 - Jerry Harrison, American musician (Talking Heads and The Modern Lovers)

1951 - Vince Welnick, American musician (The Grateful Dead and The Tubes) (d. 2006)

1952 - Jean Jacques Burnel, British musician (The Stranglers)

1955 - Kelsey Grammer, American actor

1958 - Jake Burns, Irish singer (Stiff Little Fingers)

1958 - Mary Chapin Carpenter, American singer

1960 - Steve Wynn, American singer/songwriter (Dream Syndicate)

1962 - Chuck Palahniuk, American writer

1964 - Mark Kelly, American astronaut

1973 - Justin Sane, American musician (Anti-Flag)

1975 - Wish Bone, American rapper (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)

1982 - Chantal Claret, American singer (Morningwood)

1987 - Ellen Page, Canadian actress

1996 - Sophie Turner, English actress (Game of Thrones)

Died on This Day

1513 - Pope Julius II (b. 1443)

1624 - Dirck van Baburen, Dutch painter (b. 1595)

 photo DirckvanBaburen.jpg

1665 - Michel Dorigny, French painter, draftsman, and printmaker (b. 1616)

1668 - John Thurloe, English Puritan spy (b. 1616)

1677 - Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (b. 1632)

1730 - Pope Benedict XIII (b. 1649)

1921 - Karl Wilhelm Anton Seiler, German painter (b. 1846)

 photo KarlWilhelmAntonSeiler.jpg

1824 - Eugène de Beauharnais, son of Napoleon's wife, Josephine (b. 1781)

1894 - Gustave Caillebotte, French painter (b. 1848)

 photo GustaveCaillebotte.jpg

1911 - Isidre Nonell, Spanish painter (b. 1872)

1920 - Vladimir Makovsky, Russian painter (b. 1846)

1972 - Bronislava Nijinska, Polish-Russian ballet dancer (b. 1891)

1982 - Murray the K, American impresario and disc jockey (b. 1922)

1982 - Gershom Scholem, German-born Israeli Jewish philosopher and historian (b. 1897)

1985 - Louis Hayward, British actor (b. 1909)

 photo LouisHayward.jpg

1985 - Ina Claire, American actress (b. 1893)

1991 - Dame Margot Fonteyn, English ballet dancer (b. 1919)

1999 - Gertrude B. Elion, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1918)

2008 - Sunny Lowry, first British woman to swim the English Channel (b. 1911)

Today is

International Mother Language Day
National Sticky Bun Day
Card Reading Day

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