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I bought this a couple of weeks ago. Link to the PDF

The MARO policy has been implemented. Federation of American Sciences link

A mass atrocity consists of “widespread and often systematic acts of violence against civilians by state or non-state armed groups, including killing, causing serious bodily or mental harm, or deliberately inflicting conditions of life that cause serious bodily or mental harm,” the updated Pentagon guidance said in Joint Publication 3-07.3 on Peace Operations.

“Mass atrocities can erupt at any time during any operation even in an initially uncontested peacekeeping or humanitarian relief operation,” it stated.

Mass Atrocity Response Operations, or MARO, is a newly adopted doctrinal concept that is detailed in Appendix B to the DoD Joint Publication on Peace Operations.  The document, dated 01 August 2012, was withheld from online public access on the DoD Joint Electronic Library.  But a copy was released to the Federation of American Scientists this week under the Freedom of Information Act.

Table of contents:

Primary Authors: Sarah Sewall, Dwight Raymond, Sally Chin

Foreword by Sarah Sewall and John Kardos 5
Executive Summary 15

Part I The MARO Concept 21
A MARO’s Relation to Other Operations 21
B Distinctions of a MARO Situation 23
C Operational and Political Implications 27

Part II Maro Planning considerations 37
a Introduction 37
B Mission Analysis 38
C Courses of Action 58
D Plan Design and Implementation 79

Part III Future Research Areas and Ways Forward 91


A Definitions of Genocide and Mass Atrocity Crimes 93
B Draft Strategic Guidance 95
C Sample Critical Factors Analyses 97
D Assumptions 103
E Task List 104
F Intelligence Considerations 106
G Flexible Deterrent Options 108
H Selected Bibliography 114
i History of the MARO Project 118
J Contacts and Resources 122
K Acknowledgments 124
L Acronyms 126

01 August 2012
Peace Operations
Joint Publication 3-07.3
Link to PDF
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