I just received this e-mail bulletin
from Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontieres
), and am furious with U.S. corporations' acquiesance to censorship. Are our blogs safe?
[RSF] said it was disgusted to find that Microsoft was censoring the Chinese version of its blog tool, MSN spaces, the system automatically rejecting words including "democracy" and "Dalai Lama".
"Following Yahoo! [a] second American Internet giant [gave] way to Chinese authorities, agreeing to self-censorship."
Al-Jazeera reports today:
Chinese bloggers, even on foreign-sponsored sites, have been advised to choose their words carefully after Microsoft joined China in censoring web messages.
Users of the MSN Spaces section of Microsoft Corporation's new China-based web portal get a scolding message each time they input words deemed taboo by the communist authorities - such as democracy, freedom and human rights.
"Prohibited language in text, please delete," the message says.
Google will follow now ... more below:
More from the RSF bulletin
"The lack of ethics on the part of these companies is extremely worrying. Their management frequently justifies collaboration with Chinese censorship by saying that all they are doing is obeying local legislation.
"Does that mean that if the authorities asked Microsoft to provide information about Chinese cyberdissidents using its services that it would agree to do so, on the basis that it is "legal"? Reporters Without Borders wondered.
"We believe that this argument does not hold water and that these multinationals must respect certain basic ethical principles, in whatever country they are operating."
Reporters Without Borders has been able to check that, as reported by several news agencies, when a Chinese blogger attempts to post a message containing terms such as "democracy", "Dalai Lama", "Falungong", "4 June" (the date of the Tiananmen Square massacre), "China + corruption", or "human rights", a warning displays saying, "This message contains a banned expression, please delete this expression."
Generally "subversive" messages are displayed on Chinese-hosted forums and blogs but the banned words are automatically replaced with blank spaces.
The Chinese version of the MSN portal, along with the blog tool, were launched as a joint venture with a local state-controlled company, Shanghai Alliance Investment Ltd (SAIL).
The Chinese authorities are trying to impose self-censorship on all search engines and blog tools that that wish to operate on its territory. Yahoo!, which was the first, agreed to remove all "subversive" news and information from its search results. Despite repeated requests from Reporters Without Borders, the company's management always declined to discuss the issue.
Google, which has so far refused to censor its search engine, now looks likely to follow in the footsteps of its competitor. When the company announced it was opening an office in China, Reporters Without Borders wrote to its two founders, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, asking them to respond clearly to the question: "Would you agree to censorship of your search engine if Beijing asked you to". Google never replied.
Reporters Without Borders also wrote, on December 2003, to the CEO and founder of Microsoft, Steven A.Ballmer and Bill Gates, to bring to their attention their freedom of expression responsibilities, particularly in a country like China. This appeal, like the others, went unanswered.
More from Al-Jazeera's article this morning:
However, the restrictions appear to apply only to the subject line of such entries. Writing them into the text, with a more innocuous subject heading, seems not to be a problem.
Microsoft staff in China could not be reached immediately for comment.
However, a spokesman at the tech giant's headquarters in Seattle acknowledged that the company was cooperating with the Chinese government to censor its Chinese-language web portal.
Microsoft and its Chinese business partner, government-funded Shanghai Alliance Investment, work with the authorities to omit forbidden words, said Adam Sohn, a global sales and marketing director for MSN.
But he added: "I don't have access to the list at this point so I can't really comment specifically on what's there."
Online tests found that apart from politically sensitive words, obscenities and sexual references also are banned.
The Chinese government encourages internet use for business and education, but tries to ban access to material or websites deemed subversive.
A search on Google for such topics as Taiwan or Tibetan independence, the banned group Falun Gong, the Dalai Lama or the China Democracy Party inevitably leads to a "site cannot be found" message.
Consequences of defying government limits can be severe; 54 people have been jailed for posting essays or other content deemed subversive.
Recently, the government demanded that website owners register with authorities by 30 June or face fines.