Republicans rolled out their narrative response to Democrats who were intent to see a law enforcement crackdown on the far-right extremist elements who assaulted the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6 during Wednesday’s hearing of a House Judiciary subcommittee on “The Rise of Domestic Terrorism in America.” It resembled a team version of the “let’s throw shit at the wall and see what sticks” strategy, but beneath it all was a thread: Blame everything on Black Lives Matter and left-wing antifascists.
The presence of right-wing pseudo-journalist Andy Ngo—whose entire body of work has portrayed left-wing and anarchist political protests as terrorism—as the Republicans’ only witness was emblematic of the approach. Florida Congressman Greg Steube encapsulated the narrative by showing a video of anti-police brutality protests from the summer and then demanding that the Democratic witnesses label it terrorism.
Ngo’s testimony was indistinguishable from one of his talks promoting his “wildly dishonest” book, in which he depicts “antifa” as an existential threat to America. Primarily, he repeatedly described last summer’s 120 day-long string of protests against police brutality in Portland—none of which he actually attended, but instead relied on others’ reports for his coverage—as “riots,” and insisted that this was terrorism and fundamentally no different than the Jan. 6 insurrection in nature:
For more than 120 recurring days, Antifa carried out nightly riots targeting federal, county, and private property. They developed a riot apparatus that included streams of funding for accommodation, travel, riot gear and weapons. This resulted in murder, hundreds of arson attacks, mass injuries, and mass property destruction. To put that into context for those here today, similar actions that occurred at the Capitol Hill riot on January 6, 2021, were repeated every night months on end in the Pacific Northwest.
This remained his thesis when questioned by Republican committee members, notably Congressman Andy Biggs of Arizona, one of the key planners of the Jan. 6 “Stop the Steal” event that became the insurrection. Biggs asked him: “If we don’t talk about antifa, is antifa going away?”
Ngo, true to his running thesis, replied that antifa wasn’t going away, and actually it’s dedicated to the destruction of American democracy and willing to use terrorism to achieve that. He then described multiple instances of the summer protest violence as fitting the legal description of terrorism.
In reality, domestic terrorism is an entirely different phenomenon from protest violence, which has never been included in any terrorism database. Protest violence is usually—as it was last summer—an outcome of interactions between protesters exercising their free speech and police forces using aggressive tactics against them; this summer’s protests were acutely so because the police themselves were the primary object of the protests, particularly in Portland.
Terrorism, in contrast, comprises preplanned acts of violence directed at political targets with the intention of striking fear into the larger populace. Both protest violence and terrorism are political in nature, but their core nature is fundamentally very different, particularly when it comes to intent.
Steube, a former Judge Advocate General officer who represents the Sarasota area, either didn’t grasp this distinction or was intent on obliterating the committee’s ability to do so. After setting out a self-servingly incomplete definition of domestic terrorism, he played a video showing scenes from the summer protests—focusing at one point on a bonfire set by protesters in Portland that in fact was not any kind of arson—and then proceeded to harangue the Democrats’ witnesses, which included national security expert Michael German of the Brennan Center for Justice, MSNBC intelligence expert Malcolm Nance, and Wade Henderson of the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights.
Steube demanded of each of them: “Do you believe that what you saw on that video meets the definition of domestic terrorism?” He also insisted on a yes or no reply.
Nance was blunt: “No, it’s civil disobedience. We have codes for that.”
Steube pounced on this, pointing to his exculpatory conclusion: “So that’s civil disobedience, burning down—creating $80 billion worth of damage across our country, but what occurred here on January 6 was domestic terrorism.”
Steube, of course, ignored that the motive for whatever violence occurred this summer was anger at police brutality and a demand for change in American policing, while the motive for the Jan. 6 insurrection was to overturn the outcome the 2020 presidential election by stopping American democratic processes from occurring. In defining terrorism, motivation and intent are the determinative factors. (Also worth noting: Steube outrageously inflated the costs of the summer’s civil disturbances, which are estimated in the $1-2 billion range.)
Texas congressman Louie Gohmert—who in fact advocated insurrection and mass protest to overturn the election during a Nov. 14 “Stop the Steal” rally—was now adamant that the people who invaded the Capitol were criminals and should face consequences, but then he tried flinging a different turd at the wall: The whole incursion inside the Capitol was actually the fault of a single antifa/Black Lives Matter activist named John H. Sullivan—a theory that was referenced by other Republicans at the hearing as well.
There’s just one problem with this claim: It’s been thoroughly debunked. Sullivan, as The Washington Post reported in detail, is a man who initially attempted to organize BLM protests in Utah outside of the existing African American protest community. In short order, a person was shot during one of his events and then Proud Boys began showing up to support his protests. Among BLM activists, he was widely regarded as a duplicitous “double agent.” His last organized protest of the summer was a pro-gun rights rally featuring large numbers of far-right militiamen, including Oath Keepers.
The constant comparisons of BLM activists and antifascists to white nationalist terrorists wore down the patience of everyone else involved in the hearing. After all, a 2020 domestic terrorism database found that between 2017 and 2019, right-wing extremists committed a total of 49 acts of terror that resulted in 145 deaths. Antifascists, in contrast, were responsible for exactly one case of domestic terrorism, and the only death that resulted from that case was the perpetrator’s. Black Lives Matter activists were connected to zero cases of domestic terrorism.
As Tennessee congressman Steve Cohen noted: "It's like comparing a forest fire to someone with a match.”
The most pointed retort came from Missouri congressman Cori Bush, who was appalled by the constant comparisons of white supremacists to BLM protesters. She ripped into her Republican colleagues at the hearing.
“Equating a righteous movement for justice with hateful and racist white nationalism is outright ignorant and disingenuous on your part,” she said. “But for white supremacy, in which you benefit, we would not be in the streets demanding to be heard.”